Y.T. Wee Darwin’s Universe: Survival for Nothing Review

Darwin’s Universe: From Nothing, By Nothing and For Nothing. It’s Survival For Nothing! Evolution can only offer humans a meaningless existence.

Darwinists hope to bury God in an avalanche of a causeless universe and a godless evolution.

However, instead of liberating us, they plunge us into a cosmic depression. We are reduced to: From Nothing, By Nothing, For Nothing – an accidental leftover from the Big Bang, evolved by a lucky chance, and here for no ultimate purpose

We are just walking molecules, birthed through a cosmic accident, dancing to the music of our DNA, and destined to disappear in a cosmic blink – nothing more, nothing less, nothing else.

And when we look to science and evolution for answers, all we get is a blank look. Life has no real purpose, dude – it is about the survival of the genes in us – feeding, fending, fleeting and fathering – just live through it and get it over with. Our final destination is the hole in the ground.

But is it true?

Perhaps we are: From Someone, By Someone, For Someone. Perhaps there is an unexplored and awesome universe beyond the Darwinian world of survival for nothing.

Science encourages us to think critically and lets us place Darwinism in the crosshairs and examine it in the light of empirical science – is it observable and repeatable? If not, it is not experimental science. And, as we shall see, Darwinism is an unobservable and unreproducible pseudo-science.

This book will walk us through cosmology, biology, philosophy and end with theology, the queen of the sciences. Empirical science buries Darwinism and resurrects Creationism. We are more than cosmic orphans lost in an accidental, uncaring and dying Universe; we are living souls, made in the image of God, and designed to have a wonderful relationship with an awesome Creator.

Yan T Wee, the founding Pastor of Shalom Baptist Church, Singapore, writes from his fascinating research into the latest skirmish between speculative Darwinism and deducible Creationism. He concludes that Darwinism, when viewed in its entirety, is not only disingenuous, but a guaranteed, one-way ticket into the universe of ultimate meaninglessness and despair:
https://www.chick.com/products/item?stk=2038

Do actually militaries have the right to withhold the scientific information from humanity, that has been obtained by the publicly funded international Human Genome Project, in which participated many leading universities?
The consequences of such conduct are beyond the scope of their power. They have been asked many times to reveal this information, with no results. Yet this very information is necessary to any meaningful debates about how to conduct life on our planet and thus solve peacefully the burning issues.
So has not the time come to present the request to the international court?
Or have we reached the point where even the international court is just an extended arm of the military?


Legominism and fire of delusion

G.I.Gurdjieff – BT: p. 360 pdf
“My dear and beloved Grandfather, tell me, please, what does the word Legominism mean?” Hassein asked.
“This word Legominism,” replied Beelzebub, “is given to one of the means existing there of transmitting from generation to generation information about certain events of long-past ages, through just those three-brained beings who are thought worthy to be and who are called initiates. “This means of transmitting information from generation to generation had been devised by the beings of the continent Atlantis. For your better understanding of the said means of transmitting information to beings of succeeding generations by means of a Legominism, I must here explain to you a little also about those beings there whom other beings called and call initiates.
“In former times there on the planet Earth, this word was always used in one sense only; and the three-brained beings there who were called initiates were those who had acquired in their presences almost equal objective data which could be sensed by other beings. “But during the last two centuries this word has come to be used there now in two senses:
“In one sense it is used for the same purpose as before, that is to say, those beings there are so named who became initiates thanks to their personal conscious labors and intentional sufferings; and thereby as I have already told you, they acquire in themselves objective merits which can be sensed by other beings irrespective of brain-system, and which also evoke in others trust and respect.
“In the other sense, those beings call each other by this name who belong to those what are called there ‘criminal gangs’ which in the said period have greatly multiplied there and whose members have as their chief aim to ‘steal’ from those around them only ‘essence-values.’ “Under the pretense of following ‘supernatural’ or ‘mystic’ sciences, these criminal gangs there are really occupied, and very successfully, with this kind of plunder. “And so, any and every genuine member of such a gang there is called an initiate.
“There are even ‘great-initiates’ among these terrestrial initiates, and these great-initiates especially at the present time, are made out of those ordinary initiates of new formation, who in their ‘virtuoso-affairs’ pass as is said there, through ‘fire-water-copper-pipes-and-even-through-all-the-roulette-halls-of-Monte-Carlo.

The coming new man J van Rijckenborgh 1957:

“…..You will understand that delusion often presents itself to us as joy, beauty, and glory. The delusion of this world possesses many perspectives which, to a certain extent, are highly respectable and noble. These perspectives are suggested to us by forces which do their utmost to make of this world an ‘order’ acceptable to the Gnosis and in harmony with it.

These suggestions can in a certain respect be called noble and respectable too. Thus years and lives can pass filled with these noble deeds. Our days can be filled with numerous utterly selfless endeavours; we are burdened with humane activities. We want to improve and heal mankind, we pursue a whole series of practical ideals and rejoice at every milestone. The stamp of all this unselfish endeavour, of all these efforts, of all this struggle, expresses itself in our entire personality. Our eyes speak of the remoteness at which we gaze, of all we assume to be certain in the future. Assume to be certainty…, but that is delusion and delusion is mental illness, madness! If we pay close attention, we see this madness glowing like fire behind the pupils of the eyes. This fire of delusion burns very strongly in the world. Art, science, and natural religion demonstrate this. It blazes in natural occultism and humanism. This lake of fire, this burning flame is not kindled by conscious, deliberate wickedness, but rather these red flaming tongues ascend to heaven in a continuous potent effort to make this world-order acceptable and to make all divine powers work for this plan.

The largest natural-occult brotherhood of all times works at the execution of this plan, but without even the slightest success. It has trodden all paths in order to attain its goal, and though its intention was originally noble and unselfish from a certain point of view, it began in the distant past to use force in order to achieve its aims at any cost. But force requires power and the assertion of power requires means of power.

Do you recognize the tragedy of this brotherhood, the absolute consequence of madness? It plunged itself into an immeasurably deep abyss. In order to eliminate all opposed to it, it instituted its own law, established courts of justice, and passed sentences. In order to execute a sentence, the respective means are necessary. And so the means were provided. Thus prisons, torture chambers, murder, and killing came into being.

So there was and is an almost general imprisonment of all mankind. We are prisoners of this nature not only by our natural state, but also as a result of the magic of the brotherhood concerned. In every district of our cities, in every village and settlement in a huge part of the world, there are buildings in which the magic of permanent imprisonment is exercised so that countless millions of men and women lie bound, body and soul, and other millions are restricted in their freedom of movement to a great extent.

By very ancient methods, deriving from ancient Atlantis, pernicious ether-preparations are radiated into the atmosphere, hour by hour. Numerous black magic sub currents are therefore an inevitable accompanying phenomenon of the once noble goal, born of the fundamental delusion of dialectics. Just as the said brotherhood has the material sphere firmly in its grasp, so too is its power firmly founded in the reflection-sphere. There too it rules, together with its companions, through magic. After this explanation, you can perhaps imagine what it means when a person is excommunicated by these natural occultists. Such a person is struck by the radiation, personally directed and opposed to his or her life vibration, both here and in the reflection-sphere. What this means for someone who knows nothing of the liberating life, you can probably imagine. When such a person dies, he or she is immediately haunted in the hereafter by a violent, disquieting force, so that he is usually very quickly urged to an incarnation completely determined for him by outside forces.”

Who is a Christian

“If instead of religion in general we take Christianity, then again there exists a
Christianity number one, that is to say, paganism in the guise of Christianity.
Christianity number two is an emotional religion, sometimes very pure but without
force, sometimes full of bloodshed and horror leading to the Inquisition, to religious
wars. Christianity number three, instances of which are afforded by various forms of
Protestantism, is based upon dialectic, argument, theories, and so forth. Then there is
Christianity number four, of which men number one, number two, and number three
have no conception whatever.
“In actual fact Christianity number one, number two, and number three is simply
external imitation. Only man number four strives to be a Christian and only man
number five can actually be a Christian. For to be a Christian means to have the being
of a Christian, that is, to live in accordance with Christ’s precepts.
“Man number one, number two, and number three cannot live in accordance with
Christ’s precepts because with them everything ‘happens.’ Today it is one thing and
tomorrow it is quite another thing. Today they are ready to give away their last shirt
and tomorrow to tear a man to pieces because he refuses to give up his shirt to them.
They are swayed by every chance event. They are not masters of themselves and
therefore they cannot decide to be Christians and really be Christians.
“Science, philosophy, and all manifestations of man’s life and activity can be
divided in exactly the same way into seven categories. But the ordinary language in
which people speak is very far from any such divisions, and this is why it is so
difficult for people to understand one another.” (ISOM p.81 in pdf”

The Institute (GIG for HDM) can give very little. The program of the Institute, the power of the Institute, the aim of the Institute, the possibilities of the Institute can be expressed in few words: the
Institute can help one to be able to be a Christian. Simple!
That is all! It can do so only if a man has this desire, and a
man will have this desire only if he has a place where constant
desire is present. Before being able, one must wish.
Thus there are three periods: to wish, to be able, and to be.
The Institute is the means. Outside the Institute it is possible to wish and to be; but here, to be able.
The majority of those present here call themselves Christians. Practically all are Christians in quotation marks. Let us examine this question like grown-up men.
—Dr. X., are you a Christian? What do you think, should one love one’s neighbor or hate him? Who can love like a Christian?
It follows that to be a Christian is impossible. Christianity includes many things; we have taken only one of them,
to serve as an example.
Can you love or hate someone to order?
Yet Christianity says precisely this, to love all men. But this is impossible. At the same time it is quite true that it is necessary to love.
First one must be able, only then can one love.
Unfortunately, with time, modern Christians have adopted the
second half, to love, and lost view of the first, the religion
which should have preceded it.
It would be very silly for God to demand from man what he
cannot give.
Half of the world is Christian, the other half has other religions. For me, a sensible man, this makes no difference; they
are the same as the Christian. Therefore it is possible to say
that the whole world is Christian, the difference is only in name. And it has been Christian not only for one year but for thousands of years. There were Christians long before the advent of Christianity. So common sense says to me:
“For so many years men have been Christians—how can they be so foolish as to demand the impossible?”
But it is not like that. Things have not always been as they
are now. Only recently have people forgotten the first half,
and because of that have lost the capacity for being able. And
so it became indeed impossible.
Let every one ask himself, simply and openly, whether he
can love all men. If he has had a cup of coffee, he loves; if not,
he does not love. How can that be called Christianity?
In the past not all men were called Christians. Some members of the same family were called Christians, others pre-Christians, still others were called non-Christians. So in one
and the same family there could be the first, the second and
the third. But now all call themselves Christians. It is naive,
dishonest, unwise and despicable to wear this name without
justification.
A Christian is a man who is able to fulfill the Commandments.
A man who is able to do all that is demanded of a Christian,
both with his mind and his essence, is called a Christian without quotation marks. A man who, in his mind, wishes to do all
that is demanded of a Christian, but can do so only with his
mind and not with his essence, is called pre-Christian. And a
man who can do nothing, even with his mind, is called a non-Christian.
Try to understand what I wish to convey by all this. Let
your understanding be deeper and broader.
(VRW page 120 pdf, 153 the book)

Question: Was Christ a teacher with a school preparation, or
was he an accidental genius?
Answer: Without knowledge he could not have been what he
was, nor could he have done what he did. It is known that
where he was there was knowledge.
Views from the Real World G.I.Gurdjieff page 72

Question: Did Christ teach dances?
Answer: I was not there to see. It is necessary to distinguish
between dances and gymnastics—they are different things. We
do not know whether his disciples danced, but we do know
that where Christ got his training they certainly taught “sacred gymnastics.”
Question: Is there any value in Catholic ceremonies and
rites?
Answer: I have not studied Catholic ritual, but I know the
rituals of the Greek Church well, and there, underlying the
form and ceremony, there is real meaning. Every ceremony, if
it continues to be practiced without change, has value. Ritual
is like ancient dances which were guidebooks where truth was
written down. But to understand one must have a key.
Old country dances also have meaning—some even contain
such things as recipes for making jam.
A ceremony is a book in which much is written. Anyone
who understands can read it. In one ceremony more is contained than in a hundred books. Usually everything changes,
but customs and ceremonies can remain unchanged.
Views from the Real World G.I.Gurdjieff page 72


Sacred individual Judas

Judas’ story has been revealed to the world in several modifications, by many artists and those, interested in esoteric fields. As a student of the 4th Way I was touched by the emotional presentation of the tale about Judas in BT and I remember the afternoon when a few of us got together and were examining the Biblical texts, looking for the proof of such a claim. We did not find it but at the same time, we did not discover any strong condemnation. Personally, I did not doubt the tale by any means and by logical reasoning it would be unintelligent to dismiss it the same way our fact checks do.
Mr. Gurdjieff had the ability to read peoples’ minds as documented by many of his students e.i. J. Bennett in his book Idiots in Paris or M. Anderson’s Unknowable Gurdjieff. So Jesus Christ certainly must have had such ability as well. It is confirmed in Gospels Matthew 9:4.
So we can deduce that if Jesus Christ had such ability, He must have known Judas’ thoughts. Besides, it is said that in order to be a disciple of Jesus Christ, such a person would have “to be on the level of an apostle.” He himself must have had such ability as well.

Beelzebub’s Tales to his grandson, chapter Religion page 677-680 pdf

“I will inform you, namely, concerning what is said in
this contemporary Holy Writ, which has as it were reached
them in an unchanged form, about the chief, most reasonable
and most devoted of all the beings, directly initiated
by this Sacred Individual or, as they would say, about
one of his Apostles.
“This devoted and favorite Apostle initiated by Jesus
Christ Himself was called ‘Judas’.
“According to the present version of this Holy Writ
everyone who wishes to draw on the true knowledge will
acquire such a conviction, which will also be fixed in his
essence, that this same Judas was the basest of beings
conceivable, and that he was a conscienceless, double-faced, treacherous traitor.
“But in fact, this Judas was not only the most faithful
and devoted of all the near followers of Jesus Christ, but
also, only thanks to his Reason and presence of mind all
the acts of this Sacred Individual could form that result,
which if it did not serve as the basis for the total destruction
of the consequences of the properties of the organ
Kundabuffer in these unfortunate three-brained beings,
yet it was nevertheless, during twenty centuries the source
of nourishment and inspiration for the majority of them
in their desolate existence and made it at least a little
endurable.
“In order that you may better represent and make clear
to yourself the genuine individuality of this Judas, and
the significance of his manifestation for the future, I must
first still inform you that when this Sacred Individual
Jesus Christ, intentionally actualized from Above in a
planetary body of a terrestrial being, completely formed
Himself for a corresponding existence, He decided to
actualize the mission imposed on Him from Above,
through the way of enlightening the reason of these
three-brained terrestrial beings, by means of twelve different
types of beings, chosen from among them and who were
specially enlightened and prepared by him personally.
“And so, in the very heat of His Divine Activities, surrounding
circumstances independent of Him were so arranged,
that not having carried out His intention, i.e., not
having had time to explain certain cosmic truths and to
give the required instructions for the future, He was compelled
to allow the premature cessation of his planetary
existence to be accomplished.
“He then decided, together with these twelve terrestrial
beings intentionally initiated by Him, to have recourse
to the sacred sacrament Almznoshinoo—the process of
the actualization of which sacred sacrament was already
well known to all of them, as they had already acquired
in their presences all the data for its fulfillment—so that
He should have the possibility, while He still remained
in such a cosmic individual state, to finish the preparation
begun by Him for the fulfillment of the plan designed for
actualization of the mission imposed on Him from Above.
“And so, my boy, when having decided on this and
being ready to begin the preliminary preparation required
for this sacred sacrament, it then became clear that it
was utterly impossible to do this, as it was too late; they
were all already surrounded by beings, called ‘guards’ and
their arrest and everything that would follow from it, was
expected at any moment. And it was just here that this
Judas, now a Saint and formerly the inseparable and devoted
helper of Jesus Christ and who is ‘hated’ and
‘cursed’ owing to the naive nonreasonableness of the peculiar
three-brained beings of your planet, manifested
himself and rendered his great objective service for which
terrestrial three-brained beings of all subsequent generations should be grateful.
“This wise, onerous, and disinterestedly devoted manifestation
taken upon himself consisted in this, that while
in a state of desperation on ascertaining that it was impossible to fulfill the required preliminary procedure for
the actualization of the sacred Almznoshinoo, this Judas,
now a Saint, leaped from his place and hurriedly said:
“ ‘I shall go and do everything in such a way that you
should have the possibility of fulfilling this sacred preparation without hindrance, and meanwhile set to work at once.’
“Having said this, he approached Jesus Christ and
having confidentially spoken with Him a little and received His blessing, hurriedly left.
“The others, indeed without hindrance, finished everything necessary for the possibility of accomplishing this sacred process Almznoshinoo.
“After what I have just said, you should now without
any doubt understand how the three-brained beings, of
the two types indicated by me of the planet Earth which
has taken your fancy, have distorted for their various egoistic
aims all the truths to such an extent, that about this Judas, now
a Saint—thanks to whom alone such a blessed
hearth of tranquillity from their desolate existence had
arisen and existed for them for twenty centuries—there has
been crystallized in the presences of the beings of all
subsequent generations such an unprecedented unjust representation.
“I personally even think that if this Judas was presented
in their Holy Writ as a type of this kind, then it may
have been for this reason, that it was necessary for someone
or other, also belonging to the mentioned types, to
belittle in this way, for a certain purpose, the significance
of Jesus Christ Himself.
“And, namely, He appeared to be so naive, so unable to
feel and see beforehand, in a word, so unperfected that
in spite of knowing and existing together with this Judas
so long, He failed to sense and be aware that this immediate
disciple of His was such a perfidious traitor and that
he would sell Him for thirty worthless pieces of silver.”

The Last Supper as a magical ceremony for establishing a connection between astral bodies

“In the history of mankind we see two parallel and independent lines of civilization: the esoteric and the exoteric. Invariably one of them overpowers the other and develops while the
other fades. A period of esoteric civilization comes when there
are favorable external conditions, political and otherwise.
Then Knowledge, clothed in the form of a Teaching corresponding to the conditions of time and place, becomes widely spread. Thus it was with Christianity.
But while for some people religion serves as guidance, for others it is only a policeman.
Christ, too, was a magician, a man of Knowledge. He was not God, or rather Me was God, but on a certain level.
The true meaning and significance of many events in the Gospels are almost forgotten now.
For instance, the Last Supper was something quite different from what people usually
think. What Christ mixed with bread and wine and gave to
the disciples was really his blood.
To explain this I must say something else.
Everything living has an atmosphere around itself. The difference lies only in its size. The larger the organism, the larger its atmosphere. In this respect every organism can be compared to a factory. A factory has an atmosphere around it composed of smoke, steam, waste materials and certain admixtures
which evaporate in the process of production. The value of
these component parts varies. In exactly the same way, human atmosphere is composed of different elements. And as the atmosphere of different factories has a different smell, so has the
atmosphere of different people. For a more sensitive nose, for
instance for a dog, it is impossible to confuse the atmosphere of one man with the atmosphere of another.
I have said that man is also a station for transforming sub-stances. Parts of the substances produced in the organism are used for the transformation of other matters, while other parts
go into his atmosphere, that is, are lost. So here, too, the same thing happens as in a factory.
Thus the organism works not only for itself, but also for something else. Men of Knowledge know how to retain the fine matters in themselves and accumulate them. Only a large accumulation of these fine matters enables a second and lighter body to be formed within man.
Ordinarily, however, the matters composing man’s atmosphere are constantly used up and replaced by man’s inner work.
Man’s atmosphere does not necessarily have the shape of a sphere. It constantly changes its form. In times of strain, of threat or of danger, it becomes stretched out in the direction
of the strain. Then the opposite side becomes thinner.
Man’s atmosphere takes up a certain space. Within the limits of this space it is attracted by the organism, but beyond a certain limit particles of the atmosphere become torn off and
return no more. This can happen if the atmosphere is greatly stretched out in one direction.
The same happens when a man moves. Particles of his atmosphere become torn off, are left behind and produce a “trail”, by which a man can be traced. These particles may quickly
mix with the air and dissolve, but they may also stay in place
for a fairly long time. Particles of atmosphere also settle on a
man’s clothes, underclothes and other things belonging to him,
so that a kind of track remains between them and the man.
Magnetism, hypnotism and telepathy are phenomena of the
same order. The action of magnetism is direct; the action of
hypnotism is at a short distance through the atmosphere; telepathy is action at a greater distance. Telepathy is analogous to the telephone or telegraph. In these, the connections are metal
wires, but in telepathy they are the trail of particles left by
man. A man who has the gift of telepathy can fill this trail with
his own matter and thus establish a connection, forming as it
were a cable through which he can act on a man’s mind. If he
possesses some object belonging to a man, then, having thus
established a connection, he fashions round this object an
image out of wax or clay and, acting upon it, thus acts on the
man himself.” VRW G.I.Gurdjieff


“…..In all the denominations of Christianity a great part is played by the
tradition of the Last Supper of Christ and his disciples. Liturgies and a whole series of
dogmas, rites, and sacraments are based upon it. This has been a ground for schism,
for the separation of churches, for the formation of sects; how many people have
perished because they
would not accept this or that interpretation of it. But, as a matter of fact, nobody
understands what this was precisely, or what was done by Christ and his disciples that
evening. There exists no explanation that even approximately resembles the truth,
because what is written in the Gospels has been, in the first place, much distorted in
being copied and translated; and secondly, it was written for those who know. To
those who do not know it can explain nothing, but the more they try to understand it,
the deeper they are led into error.
“To understand what took place at the Last Supper it is first of all necessary to
know certain laws.
“You remember what I said about the ‘astral body’? Let us go over it briefly. People
who have an ‘astral body’ can communicate with one another at a distance without
having recourse to ordinary physical means. But for such communication to be
possible they must establish some ‘connection’ between them. For this purpose when
going to different places or different countries people sometimes take with them
something belonging to another, especially things that have been in contact with his
body and are permeated with his emanations, and so on. In the same way, in order to
maintain a connection with a dead person, his friends used to keep objects which had
belonged to him. These things leave, as it were, a trace behind them, something like
invisible wires or threads which remain stretched out through space. These threads
connect a given object with the person, living or in certain cases dead, to whom the
object belonged. Men have known this from the remotest antiquity and have made
various uses of this knowledge.
“Traces of it may be found among the customs of many peoples. You know, for
instance, that several nations have the custom of blood-brotherhood. Two men, or
several men, mix their blood together in the same cup and then drink from this cup.
After that they are regarded as brothers by blood. But the origin of this custom lies
deeper. In its origin it was a magical ceremony for establishing a connection between
‘astral bodies.’ Blood has special qualities. And certain peoples, for instance the Jews,
ascribed a special significance of magical properties to blood. Now, you see, if a
connection between ‘astral bodies’ had been established, then again according to the
beliefs of certain nations it is not broken by death.
“Christ knew that he must die. It had been decided thus beforehand. He knew it and
his disciples knew it. And each one knew what part he had to play. But at the same
time they wanted to establish a permanent link with Christ. And for this purpose he
gave them his blood to drink and his flesh to eat. It was not bread and wine at all, but
real flesh and real blood.
“The Last Supper was a magical ceremony similar to ‘blood-brotherhood’ for
establishing a connection between ‘astral bodies.’ But who is there who knows about
this in existing religions and who understands
what it means? All this has been long forgotten and everything has been given quite a
different meaning. The words have remained but their meaning has long been lost.”
G.I. Gurdjieff from P.D.Ouspensky’s ISOM p. 103-4

For re-emphasizing the multiple purposes of the planetary atmosphere regarding this subject:

“It must be said that—like everything living—the earth, the planetary world and the sun give out emanations. Out in space
between the sun and the earth there are, as it were, three mixtures of emanations. The emanations of the sun, which are
longer in proportion to its larger size, reach the earth and even
go through it unchecked, since they are the finest. The emanations of the planets reach the earth but do not reach the sun.
The emanations of the earth are still shorter. In this way,
within the confines of the earth’s atmosphere there are three
kinds of emanations—those of the sun, of the earth and of the
planets. Beyond it there are no emanations of the earth, there
are only the emanations of the sun and planets; and higher
still there are only the emanations of the sun.
A man is the result of the interaction of planetary emanations and the earth’s atmosphere, with matters of the earth. At the death of an ordinary man, his physical body disintegrates
into its component parts; the parts from the earth go to the
earth. “Dust thou art and unto dust shalt thou return.” Parts
which came with planetary emanations return to the planetary
world; parts from the earth’s atmosphere return there. In this way nothing remains as a whole.
If the second body succeeds in becoming crystallized in a
man before his death, it can continue to live after the death of
the physical body. The matter of this astral body, in its vibrations, corresponds to matter of the sun’s emanations and is, theoretically, indestructible within the confines of the earth
and its atmosphere……………”
“………As I have said, the second body of man is the soul in relation to the physical body. Although in itself it is also divided into three principles, taken as a whole it represents the active
force, the positive principle in relation to the passive, negative
principle which is the physical body. The neutralizing principle between them is a special magnetism, which is not possessed by everyone but without which it is impossible for the second body to be master of the first.” VRW G.I.Gurdjieff p 164-5 pdf

NEW YORK, FEBRUARY 22, 1924


The two rivers
It will be useful if we compare human life in general to a large
river which arises from various sources and flows into two separate streams, that is to say, there occurs in this river a dividing of the waters, and we can compare the life of any one man
to one of the drops of water composing this river of life.
On account of the unbecoming life of people, it was established for the purposes of the common actualizing of everything existing that, in general, human life on the Earth should flow in two streams.

Continue reading “NEW YORK, FEBRUARY 22, 1924”

Gospels through the 4th Way

“I AM often asked questions in connection with various texts, parables,
and so on, from the Gospels,” said G., on one occasion. “In my opinion the time
has not yet come for us to speak about the Gospels. This requires much more
knowledge. But from time to time we will take certain Gospel texts as points of
departure for our discussions. This will teach you to treat them in the right way, and,
above all, to realize that in the texts known to us the most essential points are usually
missing.
“To begin with, let us take the well-known text about the seed which must die in
order to be born. ‘Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone;
but, if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.’
“This text has many different meanings and we shall often return to it. But first of
all it is necessary to know the principle contained in this text in its full measure as
applied to man.
“There is a book of aphorisms which has never been published and probably never
will be published. I have mentioned this book before in connection with the question
of the meaning of knowledge and I quoted then one aphorism from this book.
“In relation to what we are speaking of now this book says the following:
” ‘A man may be born, but in order to be born he must first die, and in order to die
he must first awake.’
“In another place it says:
” ‘When a man awakes he can die; when he dies he can be born.’
“We must find out what this means.

Continue reading “Gospels through the 4th Way”

Occult’s Kundalini as the hypnotic force keeping humanity asleep

“In so-called ‘occult’ literature you have probably met with the expression
‘Kundalini,’ ‘the fire of Kundalini,’ or the ‘serpent of Kundalini.’ This expression is
often used to designate some kind of strange force which is present in man and which
can be awakened. But none of the known theories gives the right explanation of the
force of Kundalini. Sometimes it is connected with sex, with sex energy, that is with
the idea of the possibility of using sex energy for other purposes. This latter is entirely
wrong because Kundalini can be in anything. And above all, Kundalini is not
anything desirable or useful for man’s development. It is very curious how these
occultists have got hold of the word from somewhere but have completely altered its
meaning and from a very dangerous and terrible thing have made something to be
hoped for and to be awaited as some blessing.
“In reality Kundalini is the power of imagination, the power of fantasy, which takes
the place of a real function. When a man dreams instead of acting, when his dreams
take the place of reality, when a man imagines himself to be an eagle, a lion, or a
magician, it is the force of Kundalini acting in him. Kundalini can act in all centers
and with its help all the centers can be satisfied with the imaginary instead of the real.
A sheep which considers itself a lion or a magician lives under the power of
Kundalini.
“Kundalini is a force put into men in order to keep them in their present state. If
men could really see their true position and could understand all the horror of it, they
would be unable to remain where they are even for one second. They would begin to
seek a way out and they would quickly find it, because there is a way out; but men
fail to see it simply because they are hypnotized. Kundalini is the force that keeps
them in a hypnotic state. ‘To awaken’ for man means to be ‘dehypnotized.’ In this lies
the chief difficulty and in this also lies the guarantee of its possibility, for there is no
organic reason for sleep and man can awaken.
“Theoretically he can, but practically it is almost impossible because as soon as a
man awakens for a moment and opens his eyes, all the forces that caused him to fall
asleep begin to act upon him with tenfold energy and he immediately falls asleep
again, very often dreaming that he is awake or is awakening.
“There are certain states in ordinary sleep in which a man wants to awaken but
cannot. He tells himself that he is awake but, in reality, he continues to sleep—and
this can happen several times before he finally awakes. But in ordinary sleep, once he
is awake, he is in a different state;
in hypnotic sleep the case is otherwise; there are no objective characteristics, at any
rate not at the beginning of awakening; a man cannot pinch himself in order to make
sure that he is not asleep. And if, which God forbid, a man has heard anything about
objective characteristics, Kundalini at once transforms it all into imagination and
dreams.
“Only a man who fully realizes the difficulty of awakening can understand the
necessity of long and hard work in order to awake.”

(P.D. Ouspensky In Search of the Miraculous page 227, 228 in the book 202,203)

How to distinguish the teachers and the Ways

“The results of the work of a man who takes on himself the role of teacher do not
depend on whether or not he knows exactly the origin of what he teaches
, but very
much depends on whether or not his ideas come in actual fact from the esoteric center
and whether he himself understands and can distinguish esoteric ideas, that is, ideas
of objective knowledge, from subjective, scientific, and philosophical ideas.

“So far I have spoken of the right magnetic center, of the right guide, and of the
right way. But a situation is possible in which the magnetic center has been wrongly
formed. It may be divided in itself, that is, it may include contradictions. In it,
moreover, may enter influences of the first kind, that is, those created in life, under
the guise of influences of the second kind, or the traces of influences of the second
kind but distorted to such an extent that they have become their own opposite. Such a
wrongly formed magnetic center cannot give a right orientation. A man with a wrong
magnetic center of this kind may also look for the way and he may meet another man
who will call himself a teacher and will say that he knows the way and that he is
connected with a center standing outside the law of accident. But in reality he may not
know the way and may not be connected with such a center. Moreover here again
there are many possibilities:
“1. He may be genuinely mistaken and think that he knows something,
when in reality he knows nothing. “2. He may believe another man, who in his
turn may be mistaken. “3. He may deceive consciously.
“Then if the man who is seeking the way believes him, he may lead him in a quite
different direction and not where he promises; he may lead him very far from the right
way and bring him to results directly opposite to the results of the right way.
“But fortunately this happens very rarely, that is, wrong ways are very numerous
but in the majority of cases they do not lead anywhere. And a man simply turns circles
on the same spot and thinks that he is going somewhere.”
“How can a wrong way be recognized?” asked somebody.
“How can it be recognized?” said G. “It is. impossible to recognize a wrong way
without knowing the right way. This means that it is no use troubling oneself how to
recognize a wrong way. One must think of how to find the right way. This is what we
are speaking about all the time. It cannot be said in two words. But from what I have
said you can draw many useful conclusions if you remember everything that has been
said and everything which follows from it. For example, you can see that the teacher
always corresponds to the level of the pupil. The higher the pupil, the higher can be
the teacher. But a pupil of a level which is not particularly high cannot count on a
teacher of a very high level. Actually, a pupil can never see the level of the teacher.
This is a law. No one can see higher than his own level. But usually people not only
do not know this, but, on the contrary, the lower they are themselves, the higher the
teacher they demand. The right understanding of this point is already a very considerable
understanding. But it occurs very seldom. Usually, the man himself is not worth
a brass farthing but he must have as teacher no other than Jesus Christ. To less he will
not agree. And it never enters his head that even if he were to meet such a teacher as
Jesus Christ, taking him as he is described in the Gospels, he would never be able to
follow him because it would be necessary to be on the level of an apostle in order to
be a pupil of Jesus Christ. Here is a definite law.
The higher the teacher, the more
difficult for the pupil. And if the difference in the levels of the teacher and pupil go
beyond a certain limit, then the difficulties in the path of the pupil become
insuperable. It is exactly in connection with this law that there occurs one of the
fundamental rules of the fourth way. On the fourth way there is not one teacher.
Whoever is the elder, he is the teacher. And as the teacher is indispensable to the
pupil, so also is the pupil indispensable to the teacher. The pupil cannot go on without
the teacher, and the teacher cannot go on without the pupil or pupils. And this is not a
general consideration but an indispensable and quite concrete rule on which is based
the law of a man’s ascending.”
( P.D.Ouspensky In Search of the Miraculous pages 209-210 pdf from the internet 202-203 in the book)

“I Say Unto You”

“If you go to the Himalayas and after living few days in the Himalayan freshness you come back to the plain, then you feel dusty, how ugly, how heavy the vibe is. Now you have comparison…………
…only a meditator knows that the world is ill, only a meditator feels that everything is wrong here. And when a meditator moves amidst you, naturally he feels much more dust collecting on himself than you can feel, because you have lost all sensitivity.
You have forgotten you are a mirror! You know that you are just a dust collector. Only a meditator knows that he is a mirror.
So Jesus goes again and again to the mountains.
Jesus went…..
unto the mountains
…..went to the Mount of Olives
And early in the morning, he came again into the temple
and all people came unto him
and he sat down and taught them

Only when you have been to the mountains – and that does not mean that you really have to go to the mountains. It is not an outer phenomenon. The mount is within you. If you can be alone, if you can forget the whole world for a few seconds, you will regain your freshness. And only then can you go to the temple, because only then you are the temple. And only then will your presence in the temple be a real presence; and there will be a harmony between you and the temple. Remember, unless you bring your temple to the temple, there is no temple. If you simply go to the temple, and don’t bring your temple there within you, it is just a house.
When Jesus goes into a house, it becomes a temple. When you go into a temple, it becomes a house.
Because we carry our own temples inside. Wherever Jesus goes it becomes a temple, his presence creates that sacred quality. And only when you bring the temple and the freshness of the mountains, and the virginity of the mountain, only then can you teach. You can teach only then when you have it.
from volume two page 20-23 I say unto you Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh

There are few who can tolerate GOD’s presence

“For most people it is better for HIM to be absent…..” Signs of the Unseen The discourses of Rumi

“GOD is aware of HIS friends’ hearts. Among them are some who are not capable of bearing cognizance of HIM at all, so HE employs them in pious acts” Sulami, Tabaqat p.71

“…it is obvious that trembling and the urge to search are necessary to seek out GOD. Anyone who does not have this trembling should serve those who do tremble. Fruit grows, not on untrembling tree trunks, but on trembling branches. Nonetheless, the trunk gives strength to the branches and secures itself by means of the fruit against harm from the axe. Since a trembling tree trunk will wind up against the axe, it is better for it not to tremble. It is the proper job of the trunk to remain stable and serve those who do tremble.
……..
“Adding to perfection is a detraction…..GOD encompasses everything. Any addition you make to HIM is a detraction. One is in all numbers. Without it no number is possible.”
(In medieval reckoning “one” was not a number but a symbol of unity. The first “number” was two.)”
Signs of the Unseen, Rumi, Discourse 61

It would be quite beneficial for the transhumanists to read the books from different shelves…..

Time as an enemy and a friend

https://wikileaks.org/COP-26.html

Dagmar Palmerova
….
Czech Republic
15.10.2021

The Honorable Merrick GarlandAssociate Attorney General 
U.S. Department of Justice
950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20530-0001

Dear Mr. Attorney General,

There are millions of people across the world waiting 11 years for the United States Department of Justice to reconsider its position on Mr. Julian Assange’s case. Everything has been said and written so many times that only the thunderous power of utter silence would surpass that.

When zooming out of opinions and generalizations of pros and against, of powers versus human rights, we can see the classical play of polarized forces of good and evil.

By studying the domain of esoterics anyone can see that superpowers have acquired their dominations over the masses through the classified development of the publicly accessible esoteric science, which has always been far ahead of the orthodox stream.

The impact of the application of such science surpasses the sovereign territories of all countries and it can destroy the whole planet, so far legally, because there are no laws that would protect us against it. The general public does not know about such science, not even the medical industry. From such a point of view, the use of espionage laws of the Dark Ages in the 21st century, where the whole planet shares information in a split of a second simply does not correspond with the enlarged visions of the majority of contemporary humans.

We need to be informed and trained to deal with the new horizons of life on our planet as an inseparable part of the entire Universe. „Safe and effective“ level of communication from such an angle of view is very unsafe and ineffective in the long run.

I am not a judge, rather a subject to be judged and not only in the case of Mr. Julian Assange and Wikileaks,

But to take free information from the public domain, experiment with it freely and secretly in the public domain, make the results states’ secrets, and jail the persons that bring it back to the public domain is called subjective justice.

Apart from this subjective, geographical role justice has also the objective role, superior to the first, to ensure that human conduct is in accordance with the objective laws of the Universe, encoded in the original plan for the GOOD of the whole CREATION. To reconcile both is a difficult and responsible role, for which I wish you all help of the MOST HOLY ABSOLUTE.

Respectfully yours,

Dagmar Palmerova

One copy sent to the US Embassy in Prague and to the Czech foreign minister

Understanding

Understand that what you see in others is what you yourself are carrying. Your judgments are actually reflections of what is repressed or rejected within yourself.

Two Zen monks were crossing a river. They came across a very young and beautiful woman who wanted to cross too, but she was afraid. So one monk took her on his shoulders and carried her to the other shore.
The other monk was furious. He didn’t say anything, but he was boiling within. This was prohibited. A Buddhist monk should not touch a woman, and this monk had not only touched, he had carried the woman on his shoulders.
Miles passed. When they reached the monastery, as they were entering the door, the entry monk turned to the first and said: “Look, I will have to talk to the Master about this, I will have to report it. It is prohibited!
The first monk said, “What are you talking about, what is prohibited?
“Have you forgotten?” asked the second. “You carried that young beautiful woman on your shoulders!”
The first monk laughed and he said “Yes I carried her. But I left her at the river, miles back. Are you still carrying her?”
Your inner, repressed, rejected, thrown into the basement – also goes on being reflected in your actions. Even sometimes, when you avoid something, then, too, in your very avoidance your understanding is shown.
Osho The discipline of transcendence Vol.4., p 220


Being deprived of communication with the esoteric world, I cannot exchange opinions on the current situation with anyone yet when I read the thought production of the highest think tanks, I feel like ringing the bell, not submitting to “mind your own business”. This is N O T about me, this is about humanity, forced to follow the Revelations script and used by the occult to go against the HOLY SPIRIT.
Are we just to sit and wait? This is a special time in the history of the planet. The cycles of human civilizations come and go, but now it is the planet’s transition from one stage to another that we have to deal with. In ISOM Mr. G is specifically reported to say that there is a limited time when certain things have to be done B Y U S, humans. If not, the Ray of Creation will have to find another way for the continuation of the Ray. The tragedy is that we are in hands of people who have never heard such things, they even have not realized that there is something like the Rays of Creation. But is it not the responsibility of those who know to pass it on? My life and the defense authorities’ forceful manipulation of the public opinion with it makes me totally useless for any esoteric work but there are so many others who are perfectly capable of such tasks. So please come forward, you represent the universal bio internet that is sustainable and that is just about to be disconnected by the copycat original”, unsustainable, technocratic version, operated by the megalomaniacs. The A river is composed of almost 7 billion different opinions, so they can do whatever they want with us, which they do, for very different purposes. You are in the B stream, so you are linked with the Higher.

The Plan to Turn You Into a Genetically Edited Human Cyborg

Dr. Charles Morgan on Psycho-Neurobiology and War

Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream Interpretation – The Law of Involution

https://biblehub.com/nkjv/daniel/2.htm

36“This is the dream. Now we will tell the interpretation of it before the king. 37You, O king, are a king of kings.

For the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, strength, and glory; 38and wherever the children of men dwell, or the beasts of the field and the birds of the heaven, He has given them into your hand, and has made you ruler over them all—you are this head of gold.

 39But after you shall arise another kingdom inferior to yours; then another, a third kingdom of bronze, which shall rule over all the earth. 40And the fourth kingdom shall be as strong as iron, inasmuch as iron breaks in pieces and shatters everything; and like iron that crushes, that kingdom will break in pieces and crush all the others. 

41Whereas you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; yet the strength of the iron shall be in it, just as you saw the iron mixed with ceramic clay. 42And as the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong and partly [m]fragile.  43As you saw iron mixed with ceramic clay, they will mingle with the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one another, just as iron does not mix with clay.

 44And in the days of these kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall [n]break in pieces and [o]consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever. 45Inasmuch as you saw that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold—the great God has made known to the king what will come to pass after this. The dream is certain, and its interpretation is sure.”

Daniel and His Friends Promoted

46Then King Nebuchadnezzar fell on his face, prostrate before Daniel, and commanded that they should present an offering and incense to him. 47The king answered Daniel, and said, “Truly your God is the God of gods, the Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, since you could reveal this secret.” 48Then the king promoted Daniel and gave him many great gifts; and he made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon, and chief administrator over all the wise men of Babylon. 49Also Daniel petitioned the king, and he set Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-Nego over the affairs of the province of Babylon; but Daniel sat in [p]the gate of the king.

Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning generally from Wikipedia.
(Of course, it can be applied not just to the selected species of dogs or rabbits.)

This article’s lead section may be too short to adequately summarize the key points. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. (March 2020)

Classical conditioning (also known as Pavlovian or respondent conditioning) is a behavioral procedure in which a biologically potent stimulus (e.g. food) is paired with a previously neutral stimulus (e.g. a bell). It also refers to the learning process that results from this pairing, through which the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a response (e.g. salivation) that is usually similar to the one elicited by the potent stimulus.

Classical conditioning is distinct from operant conditioning (also called instrumental conditioning), through which the strength of a voluntary behavior is modified by reinforcement or punishment. However, classical conditioning can affect operant conditioning in various ways; notably, classically conditioned stimuli may serve to reinforce operant responses.

Classical conditioning was first studied in detail by Ivan Pavlov, who conducted experiments with dogs and published his findings in 1897. During the Russian physiologist’s study of digestion, Pavlov observed that the dogs serving as his subjects drooled when they were being served meat.[1]

Classical conditioning is a basic behavioral mechanism, and its neural substrates are now beginning to be understood. Though it is sometimes hard to distinguish classical conditioning from other forms of associative learning (e.g. instrumental learning and human associative memory), a number of observations differentiate them, especially the contingencies whereby learning occurs.[2]

Together with operant conditioning, classical conditioning became the foundation of behaviorism, a school of psychology which was dominant in the mid-20th century and is still an important influence on the practice of psychological therapy and the study of animal behavior. Classical conditioning has been applied in other areas as well. For example, it may affect the body’s response to psychoactive drugs, the regulation of hunger, research on the neural basis of learning and memory, and in certain social phenomena such as the false consensus effect.[3]

Contents

Definition[edit]

Classical conditioning occurs when a conditioned stimulus (CS) is paired with an unconditioned stimulus (US). Usually, the conditioned stimulus is a neutral stimulus (e.g., the sound of a tuning fork), the unconditioned stimulus is biologically potent (e.g., the taste of food) and the unconditioned response (UR) to the unconditioned stimulus is an unlearned reflex response (e.g., salivation). After pairing is repeated the organism exhibits a conditioned response (CR) to the conditioned stimulus when the conditioned stimulus is presented alone. (A conditioned response may occur after only one pairing.) Thus, unlike the UR, the CR is acquired through experience, and it is also less permanent than the UR.[4]

Usually the conditioned response is similar to the unconditioned response, but sometimes it is quite different. For this and other reasons, most learning theorists suggest that the conditioned stimulus comes to signal or predict the unconditioned stimulus, and go on to analyze the consequences of this signal.[5] Robert A. Rescorla provided a clear summary of this change in thinking, and its implications, in his 1988 article “Pavlovian conditioning: It’s not what you think it is”.[6] Despite its widespread acceptance, Rescorla’s thesis may not be defensible.[7]

Classical conditioning differs from operant or instrumental conditioning: in classical conditioning, behaviors are modified through the association of stimuli as described above, whereas in operant conditioning behaviors are modified by the effect they produce (i.e., reward or punishment).[8]

Procedures[edit]

Ivan Pavlov research on dog’s reflex setup

Pavlov’s research[edit]

The best-known and most thorough early work on classical conditioning was done by Ivan Pavlov, although Edwin Twitmyer published some related findings a year earlier.[9] During his research on the physiology of digestion in dogs, Pavlov developed a procedure that enabled him to study the digestive processes of animals over long periods of time. He redirected the animal’s digestive fluids outside the body, where they could be measured. Pavlov noticed that his dogs began to salivate in the presence of the technician who normally fed them, rather than simply salivating in the presence of food. Pavlov called the dogs’ anticipatory salivation “psychic secretion”. Putting these informal observations to an experimental test, Pavlov presented a stimulus (e.g. the sound of a metronome) and then gave the dog food; after a few repetitions, the dogs started to salivate in response to the stimulus. Pavlov concluded that if a particular stimulus in the dog’s surroundings was present when the dog was given food then that stimulus could become associated with food and cause salivation on its own.Classical Conditioning Diagram

Terminology[edit]

In Pavlov’s experiments the unconditioned stimulus (US) was the food because its effects did not depend on previous experience. The metronome’s sound is originally a neutral stimulus (NS) because it does not elicit salivation in the dogs. After conditioning, the metronome’s sound becomes the conditioned stimulus (CS) or conditional stimulus; because its effects depend on its association with food.[10] Likewise, the responses of the dog follow the same conditioned-versus-unconditioned arrangement. The conditioned response (CR) is the response to the conditioned stimulus, whereas the unconditioned response (UR) corresponds to the unconditioned stimulus.

Pavlov reported many basic facts about conditioning; for example, he found that learning occurred most rapidly when the interval between the CS and the appearance of the US was relatively short.[11]

As noted earlier, it is often thought that the conditioned response is a replica of the unconditioned response, but Pavlov noted that saliva produced by the CS differs in composition from that produced by the US. In fact, the CR may be any new response to the previously neutral CS that can be clearly linked to experience with the conditional relationship of CS and US.[6][8] It was also thought that repeated pairings are necessary for conditioning to emerge, but many CRs can be learned with a single trial, especially in fear conditioning and taste aversion learning.Diagram representing forward conditioning. The time interval increases from left to right.

Forward conditioning[edit]

Learning is fastest in forward conditioning. During forward conditioning, the onset of the CS precedes the onset of the US in order to signal that the US will follow.[12][13]: 69  Two common forms of forward conditioning are delay and trace conditioning.

  • Delay conditioning: In delay conditioning, the CS is presented and is overlapped by the presentation of the US. For example, if a person hears a buzzer for five seconds, during which time air is puffed into their eye, the person will blink. After several pairings of the buzzer and the puff, the person will blink at the sound of the buzzer alone. This is delay conditioning.
  • Trace conditioning: During trace conditioning, the CS and US do not overlap. Instead, the CS begins and ends before the US is presented. The stimulus-free period is called the trace interval or the conditioning interval. If in the above buzzer example, the puff came a second after the sound of the buzzer stopped, that would be trace conditioning, with a trace or conditioning interval of one second.
Forward Conditioning.svg

Simultaneous conditioning[edit]

Classical conditioning procedures and effects

During simultaneous conditioning, the CS and US are presented and terminated at the same time. For example: If a person hears a bell and has air puffed into their eye at the same time, and repeated pairings like this led to the person blinking when they hear the bell despite the puff of air being absent, this demonstrates that simultaneous conditioning has occurred. 

Second-order and higher-order conditioning[edit]

Main article: Second-order conditioning

Second-order or higher-order conditioning follow a two-step procedure. First a neutral stimulus (“CS1”) comes to signal a US through forward conditioning. Then a second neutral stimulus (“CS2”) is paired with the first (CS1) and comes to yield its own conditioned response.[13]: 66  For example: A bell might be paired with food until the bell elicits salivation. If a light is then paired with the bell, then the light may come to elicit salivation as well. The bell is the CS1 and the food is the US. The light becomes the CS2 once it is paired with the CS1.

Second Order Conditioning.svg

Backward conditioning[edit]

Backward conditioning occurs when a CS immediately follows a US.[12] Unlike the usual conditioning procedure, in which the CS precedes the US, the conditioned response given to the CS tends to be inhibitory. This presumably happens because the CS serves as a signal that the US has ended, rather than as a signal that the US is about to appear.[13]: 71  For example, a puff of air directed at a person’s eye could be followed by the sound of a buzzer.

Temporal conditioning[edit]

In temporal conditioning, a US is presented at regular intervals, for instance every 10 minutes. Conditioning is said to have occurred when the CR tends to occur shortly before each US. This suggests that animals have a biological clock that can serve as a CS. This method has also been used to study timing ability in animals (see Animal cognition).

The example below shows the temporal conditioning, as US such as food to a hungry mouse is simply delivered on a regular time schedule such as every thirty seconds. After sufficient exposure the mouse will begin to salivate just before the food delivery. This then makes it temporal conditioning as it would appear that the mouse is conditioned to the passage of time. 

Zero contingency procedure[edit]

In this procedure, the CS is paired with the US, but the US also occurs at other times. If this occurs, it is predicted that the US is likely to happen in the absence of the CS. In other words, the CS does not “predict” the US. In this case, conditioning fails and the CS does not come to elicit a CR.[14] This finding – that prediction rather than CS-US pairing is the key to conditioning – greatly influenced subsequent conditioning research and theory.

Extinction[edit]

Main article: Extinction (psychology)

In the extinction procedure, the CS is presented repeatedly in the absence of a US. This is done after a CS has been conditioned by one of the methods above. When this is done, the CR frequency eventually returns to pre-training levels. However, extinction does not eliminate the effects of the prior conditioning. This is demonstrated by spontaneous recovery – when there is a sudden appearance of the (CR) after extinction occurs – and other related phenomena (see “Recovery from extinction” below). These phenomena can be explained by postulating accumulation of inhibition when a weak stimulus is presented.

Phenomena observed[edit]

Acquisition[edit]

During acquisition, the CS and US are paired as described above. The extent of conditioning may be tracked by test trials. In these test trials, the CS is presented alone and the CR is measured. A single CS-US pairing may suffice to yield a CR on a test, but usually a number of pairings are necessary and there is a gradual increase in the conditioned response to the CS. This repeated number of trials increase the strength and/or frequency of the CR gradually. The speed of conditioning depends on a number of factors, such as the nature and strength of both the CS and the US, previous experience and the animal’s motivational state.[5][8] The process slows down as it nears completion.[15]

Extinction[edit]

If the CS is presented without the US, and this process is repeated often enough, the CS will eventually stop eliciting a CR. At this point the CR is said to be “extinguished.”[5][16]

Classical conditioning - extinction.svg

External inhibition[edit]

External inhibition may be observed if a strong or unfamiliar stimulus is presented just before, or at the same time as, the CS. This causes a reduction in the conditioned response to the CS.

Recovery from extinction[edit]

Several procedures lead to the recovery of a CR that had been first conditioned and then extinguished. This illustrates that the extinction procedure does not eliminate the effect of conditioning.[8] These procedures are the following:

  • Reacquisition: If the CS is again paired with the US, a CR is again acquired, but this second acquisition usually happens much faster than the first one.
  • Spontaneous recovery: Spontaneous recovery is defined as the reappearance of a previously extinguished conditioned response after a rest period. That is, if the CS is tested at a later time (for example an hour or a day) after extinction it will again elicit a CR. This renewed CR is usually much weaker than the CR observed prior to extinction.
  • Disinhibition: If the CS is tested just after extinction and an intense but associatively neutral stimulus has occurred, there may be a temporary recovery of the conditioned response to the CS.
  • Reinstatement: If the US used in conditioning is presented to a subject in the same place where conditioning and extinction occurred, but without the CS being present, the CS often elicits a response when it is tested later.
  • Renewal: Renewal is a reemergence of a conditioned response following extinction when an animal is returned to the environment in which the conditioned response was acquired.

Stimulus generalization[edit]

Stimulus generalization is said to occur if, after a particular CS has come to elicit a CR, a similar test stimulus is found to elicit the same CR. Usually the more similar the test stimulus is to the CS the stronger the CR will be to the test stimulus.[5] Conversely, the more the test stimulus differs from the CS, the weaker the CR will be, or the more it will differ from that previously observed.

Stimulus discrimination[edit]

One observes stimulus discrimination when one stimulus (“CS1”) elicits one CR and another stimulus (“CS2”) elicits either another CR or no CR at all. This can be brought about by, for example, pairing CS1 with an effective US and presenting CS2 with no US.[5]

Latent inhibition[edit]

Main article: Latent inhibition

Latent inhibition refers to the observation that it takes longer for a familiar stimulus to become a CS than it does for a novel stimulus to become a CS, when the stimulus is paired with an effective US.[5]

Conditioned suppression[edit]

This is one of the most common ways to measure the strength of learning in classical conditioning. A typical example of this procedure is as follows: a rat first learns to press a lever through operant conditioning. Then, in a series of trials, the rat is exposed to a CS, a light or a noise, followed by the US, a mild electric shock. An association between the CS and US develops, and the rat slows or stops its lever pressing when the CS comes on. The rate of pressing during the CS measures the strength of classical conditioning; that is, the slower the rat presses, the stronger the association of the CS and the US. (Slow pressing indicates a “fear” conditioned response, and it is an example of a conditioned emotional response; see section below.)

Conditioned inhibition[edit]

Typically, three phases of conditioning are used.

Phase 1[edit]

A CS (CS+) is paired with a US until asymptotic CR levels are reached.

Phase 2[edit]

CS+/US trials are continued, but these are interspersed with trials on which the CS+ is paired with a second CS, (the CS-) but not with the US (i.e. CS+/CS- trials). Typically, organisms show CRs on CS+/US trials, but stop responding on CS+/CS− trials.

Phase 3[edit]

  • Summation test for conditioned inhibition: The CS- from phase 2 is presented together with a new CS+ that was conditioned as in phase 1. Conditioned inhibition is found if the response is less to the CS+/CS- pair than it is to the CS+ alone.
  • Retardation test for conditioned inhibition: The CS- from phase 2 is paired with the US. If conditioned inhibition has occurred, the rate of acquisition to the previous CS− should be less than the rate of acquisition that would be found without the phase 2 treatment.

Blocking[edit]

Main article: Blocking effect

This form of classical conditioning involves two phases.

Phase 1[edit]

A CS (CS1) is paired with a US.

Phase 2[edit]

A compound CS (CS1+CS2) is paired with a US.

Test[edit]

A separate test for each CS (CS1 and CS2) is performed. The blocking effect is observed in a lack of conditional response to CS2, suggesting that the first phase of training blocked the acquisition of the second CS. 

Theories[edit]

Data sources[edit]

Experiments on theoretical issues in conditioning have mostly been done on vertebrates, especially rats and pigeons. However, conditioning has also been studied in invertebrates, and very important data on the neural basis of conditioning has come from experiments on the sea slug, Aplysia.[5] Most relevant experiments have used the classical conditioning procedure, although instrumental (operant) conditioning experiments have also been used, and the strength of classical conditioning is often measured through its operant effects, as in conditioned suppression (see Phenomena section above) and autoshaping.

Stimulus-substitution theory[edit]

Further information: Counterconditioning

According to Pavlov, conditioning does not involve the acquisition of any new behavior, but rather the tendency to respond in old ways to new stimuli. Thus, he theorized that the CS merely substitutes for the US in evoking the reflex response. This explanation is called the stimulus-substitution theory of conditioning.[13]: 84  A critical problem with the stimulus-substitution theory is that the CR and UR are not always the same. Pavlov himself observed that a dog’s saliva produced as a CR differed in composition from that produced as a UR.[9] The CR is sometimes even the opposite of the UR. For example: the unconditional response to electric shock is an increase in heart rate, whereas a CS that has been paired with the electric shock elicits a decrease in heart rate. (However, it has been proposed[by whom?] that only when the UR does not involve the central nervous system are the CR and the UR opposites.)

Rescorla–Wagner model[edit]

Main article: Rescorla–Wagner model

The Rescorla–Wagner (R–W) model[8][17] is a relatively simple yet powerful model of conditioning. The model predicts a number of important phenomena, but it also fails in important ways, thus leading to a number of modifications and alternative models. However, because much of the theoretical research on conditioning in the past 40 years has been instigated by this model or reactions to it, the R–W model deserves a brief description here.[18][13]: 85 

The Rescorla-Wagner model argues that there is a limit to the amount of conditioning that can occur in the pairing of two stimuli. One determinant of this limit is the nature of the US. For example: pairing a bell with a juicy steak is more likely to produce salivation than pairing the bell with a piece of dry bread, and dry bread is likely to work better than a piece of cardboard. A key idea behind the R–W model is that a CS signals or predicts the US. One might say that before conditioning, the subject is surprised by the US. However, after conditioning, the subject is no longer surprised, because the CS predicts the coming of the US. (Note that the model can be described mathematically and that words like predict, surprise, and expect are only used to help explain the model.) Here the workings of the model are illustrated with brief accounts of acquisition, extinction, and blocking. The model also predicts a number of other phenomena, see main article on the model.

Equation[edit]

{\displaystyle \Delta V=\alpha \beta (\lambda -\Sigma V)}{\displaystyle \Delta V=\alpha \beta (\lambda -\Sigma V)}

This is the Rescorla-Wagner equation. It specifies the amount of learning that will occur on a single pairing of a conditioning stimulus (CS) with an unconditioned stimulus (US). The above equation is solved repeatedly to predict the course of learning over many such trials.

In this model the degree of learning is measured by how well the CS predicts the US, which is given by the “associative strength” of the CS. In the equation, V represents the current associative strength of the CS, and ∆V is the change in this strength that happens on a given trial. ΣV is the sum of the strengths of all stimuli present in the situation. λ is the maximum associative strength that a given US will support; its value is usually set to 1 on trials when the US is present, and 0 when the US is absent. α and β are constants related to the salience of the CS and the speed of learning for a given US. How the equation predicts various experimental results is explained in following sections. For further details, see the main article on the model.[13]: 85–89 

R–W model: acquisition[edit]

The R–W model measures conditioning by assigning an “associative strength” to the CS and other local stimuli. Before a CS is conditioned it has an associative strength of zero. Pairing the CS and the US causes a gradual increase in the associative strength of the CS. This increase is determined by the nature of the US (e.g. its intensity).[13]: 85–89  The amount of learning that happens during any single CS-US pairing depends on the difference between the total associative strengths of CS and other stimuli present in the situation (ΣV in the equation), and a maximum set by the US (λ in the equation). On the first pairing of the CS and US, this difference is large and the associative strength of the CS takes a big step up. As CS-US pairings accumulate, the US becomes more predictable, and the increase in associative strength on each trial becomes smaller and smaller. Finally, the difference between the associative strength of the CS (plus any that may accrue to other stimuli) and the maximum strength reaches zero. That is, the US is fully predicted, the associative strength of the CS stops growing, and conditioning is complete.

R–W model: extinction[edit]

Comparing the associate strength by R-W model in Learning

The associative process described by the R–W model also accounts for extinction (see “procedures” above). The extinction procedure starts with a positive associative strength of the CS, which means that the CS predicts that the US will occur. On an extinction trial the US fails to occur after the CS. As a result of this “surprising” outcome, the associative strength of the CS takes a step down. Extinction is complete when the strength of the CS reaches zero; no US is predicted, and no US occurs. However, if that same CS is presented without the US but accompanied by a well-established conditioned inhibitor (CI), that is, a stimulus that predicts the absence of a US (in R-W terms, a stimulus with a negative associate strength) then R-W predicts that the CS will not undergo extinction (its V will not decrease in size).

R–W model: blocking[edit]

Main article: Blocking effect

The most important and novel contribution of the R–W model is its assumption that the conditioning of a CS depends not just on that CS alone, and its relationship to the US, but also on all other stimuli present in the conditioning situation. In particular, the model states that the US is predicted by the sum of the associative strengths of all stimuli present in the conditioning situation. Learning is controlled by the difference between this total associative strength and the strength supported by the US. When this sum of strengths reaches a maximum set by the US, conditioning ends as just described.[13]: 85–89 

The R–W explanation of the blocking phenomenon illustrates one consequence of the assumption just stated. In blocking (see “phenomena” above), CS1 is paired with a US until conditioning is complete. Then on additional conditioning trials a second stimulus (CS2) appears together with CS1, and both are followed by the US. Finally CS2 is tested and shown to produce no response because learning about CS2 was “blocked” by the initial learning about CS1. The R–W model explains this by saying that after the initial conditioning, CS1 fully predicts the US. Since there is no difference between what is predicted and what happens, no new learning happens on the additional trials with CS1+CS2, hence CS2 later yields no response.

Theoretical issues and alternatives to the Rescorla–Wagner model[edit]

One of the main reasons for the importance of the R–W model is that it is relatively simple and makes clear predictions. Tests of these predictions have led to a number of important new findings and a considerably increased understanding of conditioning. Some new information has supported the theory, but much has not, and it is generally agreed that the theory is, at best, too simple. However, no single model seems to account for all the phenomena that experiments have produced.[8][19] Following are brief summaries of some related theoretical issues.[18]

Content of learning[edit]

The R–W model reduces conditioning to the association of a CS and US, and measures this with a single number, the associative strength of the CS. A number of experimental findings indicate that more is learned than this. Among these are two phenomena described earlier in this article

  • Latent inhibition: If a subject is repeatedly exposed to the CS before conditioning starts, then conditioning takes longer. The R–W model cannot explain this because preexposure leaves the strength of the CS unchanged at zero.
  • Recovery of responding after extinction: It appears that something remains after extinction has reduced associative strength to zero because several procedures cause responding to reappear without further conditioning.[8]

Role of attention in learning[edit]

Latent inhibition might happen because a subject stops focusing on a CS that is seen frequently before it is paired with a US. In fact, changes in attention to the CS are at the heart of two prominent theories that try to cope with experimental results that give the R–W model difficulty. In one of these, proposed by Nicholas Mackintosh,[20] the speed of conditioning depends on the amount of attention devoted to the CS, and this amount of attention depends in turn on how well the CS predicts the US. Pearce and Hall proposed a related model based on a different attentional principle[21] Both models have been extensively tested, and neither explains all the experimental results. Consequently, various authors have attempted hybrid models that combine the two attentional processes. Pearce and Hall in 2010 integrated their attentional ideas and even suggested the possibility of incorporating the Rescorla-Wagner equation into an integrated model.[8]

Context[edit]

As stated earlier, a key idea in conditioning is that the CS signals or predicts the US (see “zero contingency procedure” above). However, for example, the room in which conditioning takes place also “predicts” that the US may occur. Still, the room predicts with much less certainty than does the experimental CS itself, because the room is also there between experimental trials, when the US is absent. The role of such context is illustrated by the fact that the dogs in Pavlov’s experiment would sometimes start salivating as they approached the experimental apparatus, before they saw or heard any CS.[15] Such so-called “context” stimuli are always present, and their influence helps to account for some otherwise puzzling experimental findings. The associative strength of context stimuli can be entered into the Rescorla-Wagner equation, and they play an important role in the comparator and computational theories outlined below.[8]

Comparator theory[edit]

To find out what has been learned, we must somehow measure behavior (“performance”) in a test situation. However, as students know all too well, performance in a test situation is not always a good measure of what has been learned. As for conditioning, there is evidence that subjects in a blocking experiment do learn something about the “blocked” CS, but fail to show this learning because of the way that they are usually tested.

“Comparator” theories of conditioning are “performance based”, that is, they stress what is going on at the time of the test. In particular, they look at all the stimuli that are present during testing and at how the associations acquired by these stimuli may interact.[22][23] To oversimplify somewhat, comparator theories assume that during conditioning the subject acquires both CS-US and context-US associations. At the time of the test, these associations are compared, and a response to the CS occurs only if the CS-US association is stronger than the context-US association. After a CS and US are repeatedly paired in simple acquisition, the CS-US association is strong and the context-US association is relatively weak. This means that the CS elicits a strong CR. In “zero contingency” (see above), the conditioned response is weak or absent because the context-US association is about as strong as the CS-US association. Blocking and other more subtle phenomena can also be explained by comparator theories, though, again, they cannot explain everything.[8][18]

Computational theory[edit]

An organism’s need to predict future events is central to modern theories of conditioning. Most theories use associations between stimuli to take care of these predictions. For example: In the R–W model, the associative strength of a CS tells us how strongly that CS predicts a US. A different approach to prediction is suggested by models such as that proposed by Gallistel & Gibbon (2000, 2002).[24][25] Here the response is not determined by associative strengths. Instead, the organism records the times of onset and offset of CSs and USs and uses these to calculate the probability that the US will follow the CS. A number of experiments have shown that humans and animals can learn to time events (see Animal cognition), and the Gallistel & Gibbon model yields very good quantitative fits to a variety of experimental data.[5][18] However, recent studies have suggested that duration-based models cannot account for some empirical findings as well as associative models.[26]

Element-based models[edit]

The Rescorla-Wagner model treats a stimulus as a single entity, and it represents the associative strength of a stimulus with one number, with no record of how that number was reached. As noted above, this makes it hard for the model to account for a number of experimental results. More flexibility is provided by assuming that a stimulus is internally represented by a collection of elements, each of which may change from one associative state to another. For example, the similarity of one stimulus to another may be represented by saying that the two stimuli share elements in common. These shared elements help to account for stimulus generalization and other phenomena that may depend upon generalization. Also, different elements within the same set may have different associations, and their activations and associations may change at different times and at different rates. This allows element-based models to handle some otherwise inexplicable results.

The SOP model[edit]

A prominent example of the element approach is the “SOP” model of Wagner.[27] The model has been elaborated in various ways since its introduction, and it can now account in principle for a very wide variety of experimental findings.[8] The model represents any given stimulus with a large collection of elements. The time of presentation of various stimuli, the state of their elements, and the interactions between the elements, all determine the course of associative processes and the behaviors observed during conditioning experiments.

The SOP account of simple conditioning exemplifies some essentials of the SOP model. To begin with, the model assumes that the CS and US are each represented by a large group of elements. Each of these stimulus elements can be in one of three states:

  • primary activity (A1) – Roughly speaking, the stimulus is “attended to.” (References to “attention” are intended only to aid understanding and are not part of the model.)
  • secondary activity (A2) – The stimulus is “peripherally attended to.”
  • inactive (I) – The stimulus is “not attended to.”

Of the elements that represent a single stimulus at a given moment, some may be in state A1, some in state A2, and some in state I.

When a stimulus first appears, some of its elements jump from inactivity I to primary activity A1. From the A1 state they gradually decay to A2, and finally back to I. Element activity can only change in this way; in particular, elements in A2 cannot go directly back to A1. If the elements of both the CS and the US are in the A1 state at the same time, an association is learned between the two stimuli. This means that if, at a later time, the CS is presented ahead of the US, and some CS elements enter A1, these elements will activate some US elements. However, US elements activated indirectly in this way only get boosted to the A2 state. (This can be thought of the CS arousing a memory of the US, which will not be as strong as the real thing.) With repeated CS-US trials, more and more elements are associated, and more and more US elements go to A2 when the CS comes on. This gradually leaves fewer and fewer US elements that can enter A1 when the US itself appears. In consequence, learning slows down and approaches a limit. One might say that the US is “fully predicted” or “not surprising” because almost all of its elements can only enter A2 when the CS comes on, leaving few to form new associations.

The model can explain the findings that are accounted for by the Rescorla-Wagner model and a number of additional findings as well. For example, unlike most other models, SOP takes time into account. The rise and decay of element activation enables the model to explain time-dependent effects such as the fact that conditioning is strongest when the CS comes just before the US, and that when the CS comes after the US (“backward conditioning”) the result is often an inhibitory CS. Many other more subtle phenomena are explained as well.[8]

A number of other powerful models have appeared in recent years which incorporate element representations. These often include the assumption that associations involve a network of connections between “nodes” that represent stimuli, responses, and perhaps one or more “hidden” layers of intermediate interconnections. Such models make contact with a current explosion of research on neural networksartificial intelligence and machine learning.[citation needed]

Applications[edit]

Neural basis of learning and memory[edit]

Pavlov proposed that conditioning involved a connection between brain centers for conditioned and unconditioned stimuli. His physiological account of conditioning has been abandoned, but classical conditioning continues to be used to study the neural structures and functions that underlie learning and memory. Forms of classical conditioning that are used for this purpose include, among others, fear conditioningeyeblink conditioning, and the foot contraction conditioning of Hermissenda crassicornis, a sea-slug. Both fear and eyeblink conditioning involve a neutral stimulus, frequently a tone, becoming paired with an unconditioned stimulus. In the case of eyeblink conditioning, the US is an air-puff, while in fear conditioning the US is threatening or aversive such as a foot shock.

“Available data demonstrate that discrete regions of the cerebellum and associated brainstem areas contain neurons that alter their activity during conditioning – these regions are critical for the acquisition and performance of this simple learning task. It appears that other regions of the brain, including the hippocampus, amygdala, and prefrontal cortex, contribute to the conditioning process, especially when the demands of the task get more complex.”[28]

Fear and eyeblink conditioning involve generally non overlapping neural circuitry, but share molecular mechanisms. Fear conditioning occurs in the basolateral amygdala, which receives glutaminergic input directly from thalamic afferents, as well as indirectly from prefrontal projections. The direct projections are sufficient for delay conditioning, but in the case of trace conditioning, where the CS needs to be internally represented despite a lack of external stimulus, indirect pathways are necessary. The anterior cingulate is one candidate for intermediate trace conditioning, but the hippocampus may also play a major role. Presynaptic activation of protein kinase A and postsynaptic activation of NMDA receptors and its signal transduction pathway are necessary for conditioning related plasticity. CREB is also necessary for conditioning related plasticity, and it may induce downstream synthesis of proteins necessary for this to occur.[29] As NMDA receptors are only activated after an increase in presynaptic calcium(thereby releasing the Mg2+ block), they are a potential coincidence detector that could mediate spike timing dependent plasticity. STDP constrains LTP to situations where the CS predicts the US, and LTD to the reverse.[30]

Behavioral therapies[edit]

Main article: Behavior therapy

Some therapies associated with classical conditioning are aversion therapysystematic desensitization and flooding. Aversion therapy is a type of behavior therapy designed to make patients cease an undesirable habit by associating the habit with a strong unpleasant unconditioned stimulus.[31]: 336  For example, a medication might be used to associate the taste of alcohol with stomach upset. Systematic desensitization is a treatment for phobias in which the patient is trained to relax while being exposed to progressively more anxiety-provoking stimuli (e.g. angry words). This is an example of counterconditioning, intended to associate the feared stimuli with a response (relaxation) that is incompatible with anxiety[31]: 136  Flooding is a form of desensitization that attempts to eliminate phobias and anxieties by repeated exposure to highly distressing stimuli until the lack of reinforcement of the anxiety response causes its extinction.[31]: 133  “Flooding” usually involves actual exposure to the stimuli, whereas the term “implosion” refers to imagined exposure, but the two terms are sometimes used synonymously.

Conditioning therapies usually take less time than humanistic therapies.[32]

Conditioned drug response[edit]

A stimulus that is present when a drug is administered or consumed may eventually evoke a conditioned physiological response that mimics the effect of the drug. This is sometimes the case with caffeine; habitual coffee drinkers may find that the smell of coffee gives them a feeling of alertness. In other cases, the conditioned response is a compensatory reaction that tends to offset the effects of the drug. For example, if a drug causes the body to become less sensitive to pain, the compensatory conditioned reaction may be one that makes the user more sensitive to pain. This compensatory reaction may contribute to drug tolerance. If so, a drug user may increase the amount of drug consumed in order to feel its effects, and end up taking very large amounts of the drug. In this case a dangerous overdose reaction may occur if the CS happens to be absent, so that the conditioned compensatory effect fails to occur. For example, if the drug has always been administered in the same room, the stimuli provided by that room may produce a conditioned compensatory effect; then an overdose reaction may happen if the drug is administered in a different location where the conditioned stimuli are absent.[33]

Conditioned hunger[edit]

Signals that consistently precede food intake can become conditioned stimuli for a set of bodily responses that prepares the body for food and digestion. These reflexive responses include the secretion of digestive juices into the stomach and the secretion of certain hormones into the blood stream, and they induce a state of hunger. An example of conditioned hunger is the “appetizer effect.” Any signal that consistently precedes a meal, such as a clock indicating that it is time for dinner, can cause people to feel hungrier than before the signal. The lateral hypothalamus (LH) is involved in the initiation of eating. The nigrostriatal pathway, which includes the substantia nigra, the lateral hypothalamus, and the basal ganglia have been shown to be involved in hunger motivation.[citation needed]

Conditioned emotional response[edit]

Further information: Conditioned emotional response and Fear conditioning

The influence of classical conditioning can be seen in emotional responses such as phobia, disgust, nausea, anger, and sexual arousal. A familiar example is conditioned nausea, in which the CS is the sight or smell of a particular food that in the past has resulted in an unconditioned stomach upset. Similarly, when the CS is the sight of a dog and the US is the pain of being bitten, the result may be a conditioned fear of dogs. An example of conditioned emotional response is conditioned suppression.

As an adaptive mechanism, emotional conditioning helps shield an individual from harm or prepare it for important biological events such as sexual activity. Thus, a stimulus that has occurred before sexual interaction comes to cause sexual arousal, which prepares the individual for sexual contact. For example, sexual arousal has been conditioned in human subjects by pairing a stimulus like a picture of a jar of pennies with views of an erotic film clip. Similar experiments involving blue gourami fish and domesticated quail have shown that such conditioning can increase the number of offspring. These results suggest that conditioning techniques might help to increase fertility rates in infertile individuals and endangered species.[34]

Pavlovian-instrumental transfer[edit]

Main article: Pavlovian-instrumental transfer

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it(May 2017)

Pavlovian-instrumental transfer is a phenomenon that occurs when a conditioned stimulus (CS, also known as a “cue”) that has been associated with rewarding or aversive stimuli via classical conditioning alters motivational salience and operant behavior.[35][36][37][38] In a typical experiment, a rat is presented with sound-food pairings (classical conditioning). Separately, the rat learns to press a lever to get food (operant conditioning). Test sessions now show that the rat presses the lever faster in the presence of the sound than in silence, although the sound has never been associated with lever pressing.

Pavlovian-instrumental transfer is suggested to play a role in the differential outcomes effect, a procedure which enhances operant discrimination by pairing stimuli with specific outcomes.[citation needed]

This section appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject’s impact on popular culture, providing citations to reliable, secondary sources, rather than simply listing appearances. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2021)

In the 1932 novel Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, conditioning plays a key role in the maintenance of social peace, especially in maintaining the caste system upon which society is based. Another example is in Anthony Burgess‘ 1962 dystopian novel A Clockwork Orange in which the novel’s anti-hero and protagonist, Alex, undergoes a procedure called the Ludovico technique, where he is fed a solution to cause severe nausea and then forced to watch violent acts. This renders him unable to perform any violent acts without inducing similar nausea. Unintentionally, he also forms an aversion to classical music.

Some general examples that involve the classical conditioning theory in action include, in a lot of cases, advertising. This is a tactic used in order to elicit a response. Advertising on game shows is one of many examples. With the exciting and positive environment of a game show, the viewer may then start to generate an exciting response to the advertisement because of the association with the environment. Another example, very similar to Pavlov’s experiment, involves food. Every time a person goes into the kitchen, they begin to feel hungry. This can also relate to eating certain foods while watching a scary movie turning into associating terror with the food that was being consumed at the times of watching the movie. Any type of music, such as Christmas music, that triggers certain sweet memories are related to classical conditioning as well.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coon, Dennis; Mitterer, John O. (2008). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior. Cengage Learning. p. 220. ISBN 9780495599111.
  2. ^ McSweeney, Frances K.; Murphy, Eric S. (2014). The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Operant and Classical Conditioning. Malden. MA: John Wiley & Sons. p. 3. ISBN 9781118468180.
  3. ^ Tarantola, Tor; Kumaran, Dharshan; Dayan, Peter; De Martino, Benedetto (2017-10-10). “Prior preferences beneficially influence social and non-social learning”Nature Communications8 (1): 817. Bibcode:2017NatCo…8..817Tdoi:10.1038/s41467-017-00826-8ISSN 2041-1723PMC 5635122PMID 29018195.
  4. ^ Cherry K. “What Is a Conditioned Response?”About.com GuideAbout.comArchived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  5. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h Shettleworth SJ (2010). Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press.
  6. Jump up to:a b Rescorla RA (March 1988). “Pavlovian conditioning. It’s not what you think it is” (PDF). The American Psychologist43 (3): 151–60. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.156.1219doi:10.1037/0003-066X.43.3.151PMID 3364852Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-06-11. Retrieved 2014-04-02.
  7. ^ Papini MR, Bitterman ME (July 1990). “The role of contingency in classical conditioning”. Psychological Review97 (3): 396–403. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.97.3.396PMID 2200077.
  8. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l Bouton ME (2016). Learning and Behavior: A Contemporary Synthesis (2nd ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.
  9. Jump up to:a b Pavlov IP (1960) [1927]. Conditional Reflexes. New York: Dover Publications. Archived from the original on 2020-09-21. Retrieved 2007-05-02. (the 1960 edition is not an unaltered republication of the 1927 translation by Oxford University Press )
  10. ^ Medin DL, Ross BH, Markmen AB (2009). Cognitive Psychology. pp. 50–53.
  11. ^ Brink TL (2008). “Unit 6: Learning” (PDF). Psychology: A Student Friendly Approach. pp. 97–98. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
  12. Jump up to:a b Chang RC, Stout S, Miller RR (January 2004). “Comparing excitatory backward and forward conditioning”. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. B, Comparative and Physiological Psychology57 (1): 1–23. doi:10.1080/02724990344000015PMID 14690847.
  13. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h Chance P (2008). Learning and Behavior. Belmont/CA: Wadsworth. ISBN 978-0-495-09564-4.
  14. ^ Rescorla RA (January 1967). “Pavlovian conditioning and its proper control procedures” (PDF). Psychological Review74 (1): 71–80. doi:10.1037/h0024109PMID 5341445Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2014-04-02.
  15. Jump up to:a b Schacter DL (2009). Psychology. Catherine Woods. p. 267ISBN 978-1-4292-3719-2.
  16. ^ Chan CK, Harris JA (August 2017). “Extinction of Pavlovian conditioning: The influence of trial number and reinforcement history”Behavioural Processes. SQAB 2016: Persistence and Relapse. 141 (Pt 1): 19–25. doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2017.04.017PMID 28473250S2CID 3483001Archived from the original on 2021-06-27. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  17. ^ Rescorla RA, Wagner AR (1972). “A theory of Pavlovan conditioning: Variations in the effectiveness of reinforcement and nonreinforcement.”. In Black AH, Prokasy WF (eds.). Classical Conditioning II: Current Theory and Research. New York: Appleton-Century. pp. 64–99.
  18. Jump up to:a b c d Miller R, Escobar M (2004-02-05). “Learning: Laws and Models of Basic Conditioning”. In Pashler H, Gallistel R (eds.). Stevens’ Handbook of Experimental Psychology. 3: Learning, Motivation & Emotion (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley. pp. 47–102. ISBN 978-0-471-65016-4.
  19. ^ Miller RR, Barnet RC, Grahame NJ (May 1995). “Assessment of the Rescorla-Wagner model”. Psychological Bulletin117 (3): 363–86. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.117.3.363PMID 7777644.
  20. ^ Mackintosh NJ (1975). “A theory of attention: Variations in the associability of stimuli with reinforcement”. Psychological Review82 (4): 276–298. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.556.1688doi:10.1037/h0076778.
  21. ^ Pearce JM, Hall G (November 1980). “A model for Pavlovian learning: variations in the effectiveness of conditioned but not of unconditioned stimuli”. Psychological Review87 (6): 532–52. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.87.6.532PMID 7443916.
  22. ^ Gibbon J, Balsam P (1981). “Spreading association in time.”. In Locurto CM, Terrace HS, Gibbon J (eds.). Autoshaping and conditioning theory. New York: Academic Press. pp. 219–235.
  23. ^ Miller RR, Escobar M (August 2001). “Contrasting acquisition-focused and performance-focused models of acquired behavior”. Current Directions in Psychological Science10 (4): 141–5. doi:10.1111/1467-8721.00135S2CID 7159340.
  24. ^ Gallistel CR, Gibbon J (April 2000). “Time, rate, and conditioning” (PDF). Psychological Review107 (2): 289–344. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.407.1802doi:10.1037/0033-295X.107.2.289PMID 10789198Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-05-05. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
  25. ^ Gallistel R, Gibbon J (2002). The Symbolic Foundations of Conditioned Behavior. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
  26. ^ Golkar A, Bellander M, Öhman A (February 2013). “Temporal properties of fear extinction–does time matter?”. Behavioral Neuroscience127 (1): 59–69. doi:10.1037/a0030892PMID 23231494.
  27. ^ Wagner AR (1981). “SOP: A model of automatic memory processing in animal behavior.”. In Spear NE, Miller RR (eds.). Information processing in animals: Memory mechanisms. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. pp. 5–47. ISBN 978-1-317-75770-2.
  28. ^ Steinmetz JE (2010). “Neural Basis of Classical Conditioning”Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience. Academic Press. pp. 313–319. ISBN 9780080453965Archived from the original on 2021-08-30. Retrieved 2018-10-01.
  29. ^ Fanselow MS, Poulos AM (February 2005). “The neuroscience of mammalian associative learning”. Annual Review of Psychology56 (1): 207–34. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.56.091103.070213PMID 15709934.
  30. ^ Markram H, Gerstner W, Sjöström PJ (2011). “A history of spike-timing-dependent plasticity”Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience3: 4. doi:10.3389/fnsyn.2011.00004PMC 3187646PMID 22007168.
  31. Jump up to:a b c Kearney CA (January 2011). Abnormal Psychology and Life: A Dimensional Approach.
  32. ^ McGee DL (2006). “Behavior Modification”. Wellness.com, Inc. Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  33. ^ Carlson NR (2010). Psychology: The Science of Behaviour. New Jersey, United States: Pearson Education Inc. pp. 599–604ISBN 978-0-205-64524-4.
  34. ^ Carlson NR (2010). Psychology: The Science of Behaviour. New Jersey, United States: Pearson Education Inc. pp. 198–203ISBN 978-0-205-64524-4.
  35. ^ Cartoni E, Puglisi-Allegra S, Baldassarre G (November 2013). “The three principles of action: a Pavlovian-instrumental transfer hypothesis”Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience7: 153. doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00153PMC 3832805PMID 24312025.
  36. ^ Geurts DE, Huys QJ, den Ouden HE, Cools R (September 2013). “Aversive Pavlovian control of instrumental behavior in humans” (PDF). Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience25 (9): 1428–41. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00425PMID 23691985S2CID 6453291Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-05-01. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
  37. ^ Cartoni E, Balleine B, Baldassarre G (December 2016). “Appetitive Pavlovian-instrumental Transfer: A review”Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews71: 829–848. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.09.020PMID 27693227This paper reviews one of the experimental paradigms used to study the effects of cues, the Pavlovian to Instrumental Transfer paradigm. In this paradigm, cues associated with rewards through Pavlovian conditioning alter motivation and choice of instrumental actions. … Predictive cues are an important part of our life that continuously influence and guide our actions. Hearing the sound of a horn makes us stop before we attempt to cross the street. Seeing an advertisement for fast food might make us hungry and lead us to seek out a specific type and source of food. In general, cues can both prompt us towards or stop us from engaging in a certain course of action. They can be adaptive (saving our life in crossing the street) or maladaptive, leading to suboptimal choices, e.g. making us eat when we are not really hungry (Colagiuri and Lovibond, 2015). In extreme cases they can even play a part in pathologies such as in addiction, where drug associated cues produce craving and provoke relapse (Belin et al., 2009).
  38. ^ Berridge KC (April 2012). “From prediction error to incentive salience: mesolimbic computation of reward motivation”The European Journal of Neuroscience35 (7): 1124–43. doi:10.1111/j.1460-9568.2012.07990.xPMC 3325516PMID 22487042Incentive salience or ‘wanting’ is a specific form of Pavlovian-related motivation for rewards mediated by mesocorticolimbic brain systems …Incentive salience integrates two separate input factors: (1) current physiological neurobiological state; (2) previously learned associations about the reward cue, or Pavlovian CS …
    Cue-triggered ‘wanting’ for the UCS
    A brief CS encounter (or brief UCS encounter) often primes a pulse of elevated motivation to obtain and consume more reward UCS. This is a signature feature of incentive salience. In daily life, the smell of food may make you suddenly feel hungry, when you hadn’t felt that way a minute before. In animal neuroscience experiments, a CS for reward may trigger a more frenzied pulse of increased instrumental efforts to obtain that associated UCS reward in situations that purify the measurement of incentive salience, such as in Pavlovian-Instrumental Transfer (PIT) experiments … Similarly, including a CS can often spur increased consumption of a reward UCS by rats or people, compared to consumption of the same UCS when CSs are absent … Thus Pavlovian cues can elicit pulses of increased motivation to consume their UCS reward, whetting and intensifying the appetite. However, the motivation power is never simply in the cues themselves or their associations, since cue-triggered motivation can be easily modulated and reversed by drugs, hungers, satieties, etc., as discussed below.

Further reading[edit]

Library resources about
Classical conditioning
Resources in your libraryResources in other libraries
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Classical conditioning.

Bill Filed In Washington State Would Authorize ‘Strike Force’ To ‘Involuntarily Detain’ Unvaccinated: ‘They Have Already Set Up The Internment Camps’

View this email in your browserURGENT http://www.stopthecrime.net
DISTRIBUTE FAR and WIDE
IMMEDIATELY
https://yournews.com/2022/01/09/2278815/bill-filed-in-washington-state-would-authorize-strike-force-to/Bill Filed In Washington State Would Authorize ‘Strike Force’ To ‘Involuntarily Detain’ Unvaccinated: ‘They Have Already Set Up The Internment Camps’
January 9, 2022. By Alicia Powe
The Washington State Board of Health may soon amend state law to authorize the involuntary detainment of residents as young as 5 years old in Covid-19 “internment camps” for failing to comply with the state’s experimental vaccine mandate.

WAC 246-100-040, a proposed revision to include Covid protocol under the state’s Communicable and Certain Other Diseases act, outlines “Procedures for isolation or quarantine.” The measure would allow local health officers at “his other sole discretion” to “issue an emergency detention order causing a person or group of persons to be immediately detained for purposes of isolation or quarantine.”
Health officers are required to provide documentation proving unvaccinated residents subject to detention have denied “requests for medical examination, testing, treatment, counseling, vaccination, decontamination of persons or animals, isolation, quarantine and inspection and closure of facilities” prior to involuntarily confinement in quarantine facilities, the resolution states.

The amended law would also allow health officers to deploy law enforcement officials to assist with the arrest of uncompliant Washington residents.
According to W 246-100-040,  “a local health officer may invoke the powers of police officers, sheriffs, constables, and all other officers and employees of any political subdivisions within the jurisdiction of the health department to enforce immediately orders given to effectuate the purposes of this section in accordance with the provisions of RCW 43.20.050(4) and 70.05.120.”
The “emergency detention order” legalizes the isolation and detainment of American citizens who fail to voluntarily comply with Covid gene therapy shots “for a period not to exceed ten days.”

However, a judge may extend the forced quarantine “for a period not to exceed thirty days” if the segregated individual or family persists to refuse vaccination.
WAC 246-100-040 was certified on October 25, 2019, months prior to  the coronavirus outbreak in the United States. The first confirmed case of Covid in the US was diagnosed in Seattle on January 20, 2020
certified-10.25.19 Bill Filed In Washington State Would Authorize ‘Strike Force’ To ‘Involuntarily Detain’ Unvaccinated: ‘They Have Already Set Up The Internment Camps’ Featured Top Stories U.S. [your]NEWS

https://mcusercontent.com/b69c3312f3e5ff587cb5874f8/files/7623a77d-0cd4-51cf-5d6f-97278be4f0e9/551882371_WAC_246_100_040.pdf
 Scott Miller, a Washington-based Physician Assistant who runs a private pediatric clinic, lost his medical license in October for providing over tw0 thousand critically-ill Covid patients with Ivermectin, vitamins and other effective treatments.Miller will provide testimony during the WSBH 8-hour Zoom meeting on Wednesday to warn against mandating the experimental shot for children and present data showing acute vaccine-related injuries and fatalities.Still struggling with the ramifications of having his medical license revoked for saving lives, Miller wonders how many innocent families are going to have to flee the state to find basic freedom that was once ubiquitous in the states if this so-called emergency legislation is passed.“I was up at 5:30 this morning. I got a call from a woman in Ohio whose husband is day eight [Covid-infected] just crying asking me, ‘Can you please help, we are desperate.’ It is devasting knowing that I could have easily treated him as I had hundreds of people outside of Washington prior to the emergency suspension of my license for prescribing life-saving therapeutics,” Miller told The Gateway Pundit in an exclusive interview. “I can no longer actively help those families in need and it breaks my heart.“I will frequently reach out to providers around the country that I consider heroes, asking if they will help intervene to save these innocent lives. If only the state medical investigators would look into the ‘quality of care’ or lack thereof within our hospital systems around our nation and question why over 700,000 Americans go to the hospital and never come home,” he said. “Supplemental oxygen and six milligrams of Dexamethasone has proven to be a catastrophic failure in mitigating acute respiratory distress syndrome. Yet, that is the primary treatment protocol across the country, even as patients decompensate and are statistically condemned to mechanical ventilation.“If this mandate goes through for the kids, it is horrifying. It’s not just to attend school – if a local health department official deems you to be out of compliance, you can be detained against your will. It’s the most reprehensible overreach of emergency power I have ever seen of out of everything that has been imposed on us – they have taken everybody to herd them like cattle, herd them like prisoners into their homes and tell them that this is for our good and the greater good. While the people that made these rules go out to dinner with their friends without masks and get on planes and fly to vacations. They are saying ‘I know it’s going to be hard to be deprived of breathing or miss Christmas with your family this year.’ But they don’t adhere to these mandates. We see pictures of them celebrating holidays in person with thier families. ‘Do as we command, not as we do.’”certified-10.25.19 Bill Filed In Washington State Would Authorize ‘Strike Force’ To ‘Involuntarily Detain’ Unvaccinated: ‘They Have Already Set Up The Internment Camps’ Featured Top Stories U.S. [your]NEWSWashougal physician assistant Scott Miller speaks against COVID-19 mandates such as mask mandates and distance-learning during a Camas School Board meeting on May 10, 2021.The pediatric physician assistant has provided countless mask exemptions for high-risk children with underlying respiratory and neurologic conditions. But exemptions are no longer accepted in the workplace or schools and won’t stop the contact tracers from detaining the non-compliant, Miller warns:“I had written several medical exemptions and mask exemptions for patients with known history of vaccine injury and respiratory issues. In this new unrecognizable America, medical providers are not only barred from appropriately treating thier patients for Covid, but now they are no longer able to provide legitimate medical exemptions, including those that have positive antibody tests. Any provider found writing medical exemptions is at risk for being investigated. State medical investigators will often ignore medical history, charge providers with dissemminating ‘disinformation/misinformation,’ and be deemed unfit to have a medical license.“The state has prioritized launching investigations into any practitioner that is courageous enough to appropriately care for their patients. If the practitioner’s plan of care diverts from the newly implemented restricted Center for Disease Control guidelines, they are at high risk of losing their license and livelihood.”The Washington State Board of Health’s decision to conduct the meeting on involuntarily detaining purebloods on a Zoom call rather than a “dangerous” in-person forum makes holding members accountable even more of an uphill battle.There is a five-person committee. Medvigy and Bowerman are two very good people that may have followed the wrong science. That’s who I am basically going to be addressing at the meeting. If we can persuade this board to do the right thing and put our children first, our state will have hope. We are desperate for them to uphold the principles that our nation was founded on and preserve the freedom we have as parents and Americans to determine what goes into our children’s bodies. They have already set up the internment camps. I’ve seen photographs of them.Washington’s Democrat Governor Jay Inslee is currently hiring a “strike team” to run the quarantine facilities.“Isolation & quarantine strike team consultants” will earn $3,294 to $4,286 monthly for their services, according to a description posted in September at governementjobs.com, confirming the state’s plans for Covid encampment.Strike teams will “provide for the needs of travelers” that stay at the facility, which is located in Centralia. The strike teams will also be tasked with “responding to emergencies, training contractors and new staff, and providing guest support as needed,” the job announcement explains.certified-10.25.19 Bill Filed In Washington State Would Authorize ‘Strike Force’ To ‘Involuntarily Detain’ Unvaccinated: ‘They Have Already Set Up The Internment Camps’ Featured Top Stories U.S. [your]NEWScertified-10.25.19 Bill Filed In Washington State Would Authorize ‘Strike Force’ To ‘Involuntarily Detain’ Unvaccinated: ‘They Have Already Set Up The Internment Camps’ Featured Top Stories U.S. [your]NEWSMost of the population in Washington has been vaccinated, but the number of patients hospitalized for Covid-infection is suddenly and precipitously surging, proving vaccine inefficacy.Gov. Inslee issued another threat to his unvaccinated constituents on Wednesday, warning new measures will be taken to address a 146 percent increase in cases in the past week and 46 percent increase in daily covid hospitalizations statewide omicron surge.“Now is the time to re-double our efforts against this virus” he chided.Yet, at least 76 percent of Washington, 5,793,378 people, has received at least one vaccine dose, while 5,193,988 people or 68% of Washington’s population has been fully vaccinated, according to USA Facts.The state has also partnered with corporate retail giant Amazon to create a web portal to assure patients regularly test for Covid at home, The Olympian reports.Read More at Gateway PunditRELATED:Another Blue State Announces Plans For ‘Strike Force’ To ‘Involuntarily Detain’ UnvaccinatedBy Jamie White“Emergency detention order” would allow citizens to be involuntarily detained and put in isolation and quarantine at the discretion of state health authorities.The state of Washington may amend a law to allow the forcible detainment of residents into COVID “internment camps” for defying state vaccine mandates.The proposed revision to the COVID protocol under the Communicable and Certain Other Diseases Act, called WAC 246-100-040, outlines “procedures for isolation or quarantine.”The amendment would grant local health officers at “his other sole discretion” to “issue an emergency detention order causing a person or group of persons to be immediately detained for purposes of isolation or quarantine.”Additionally, the measure would allow law enforcement to assist public health officials in detaining residents who refused the COVID injection.WAC-246-100-040 states that “a local health officer may invoke the powers of police officers, sheriffs, constables, and all other officers and employees of any political subdivisions within the jurisdiction of the health department to enforce immediately orders given to effectuate the purposes of this section in accordance with the provisions of RCW 43.20.050(4) and 70.05.120.”The “emergency detention order” would allow individuals to be detained “for a period not to exceed ten days.”This alarming measure comes in tandem with Gov. Jay Inslee’s (D) effort to hire “strike teams” to run quarantine camps, outlined in the state’s governmentjobs.com website, a term that has since been scrubbed from the website sometime after the bulletin was posted in September 2021.certified-10.25.19 Bill Filed In Washington State Would Authorize ‘Strike Force’ To ‘Involuntarily Detain’ Unvaccinated: ‘They Have Already Set Up The Internment Camps’ Featured Top Stories U.S. [your]NEWScertified-10.25.19 Bill Filed In Washington State Would Authorize ‘Strike Force’ To ‘Involuntarily Detain’ Unvaccinated: ‘They Have Already Set Up The Internment Camps’ Featured Top Stories U.S. [your]NEWSNow the state website says “Isolation and Quarantine Camp Consultant” duties include “Maintaining the readiness of the facility and equipment which includes ensuring contractors have cleaned the facility adequately.”The so-called “Isolation & quarantine team consultants” will earn $3,294 to $4,286 monthly for their services, according to the website.Notably, WAC 246-100-040 was certified on October 25, 2019, just months before the COVID-19 pandemic began in January 2020.Inslee further warned unvaccinated residents on Wednesday that he will soon impose even more harsh COVID restrictions to address the 146% spike in COVID cases despite 68% of Washington’s residents being “fully vaccinated.”This comes as New York attempts to pass a similar bill allowing Gov. Kathy Hochul (D) to forcibly detain anyone she deems a public health threat.The bill, called A.416, would “allow the governor or the appropriate health official to order the removal and detention of any person afflicted with a communicable disease in the event that there is a state of health emergency declared by the governor in relation to such disease.”“[A]ny person or group removed or detained by order of the governor or his or her delegate shall be detained for as long as the department may direct,” the proposed bill states.As we’ve reported, dehumanizing COVID internment camps are already in use in Australia, with authorities rounding up COVID-positive individuals and putting them in isolation for up to 23 hours a day.The Washington State Board of Health will hold a virtual public meeting on January 12 to discuss the implementation of W 246-100-040.Physician Assistant Scott Miller told The Gateway Pundit that Republicans are being pressured to fight back against the directive at the upcoming virtual meeting.“If we can persuade this board to do the right thing and put our children first, our state will have hope,” Miller said. “We are desperate for them to uphold the principles that our nation was founded on and preserve the freedom we have as parents and Americans to determine what goes into our children’s bodies.”“They have already set up the internment camps. I’ve seen photographs of them,” he added. 

Metanoia – To speak the truth is the most difficult thing in the world

The word truth is also like an onion, with many layers and the following excerpt obviously refers to the deeper ones.
SRF explains the scientific background of the sound and its vibration and in what happens when we say the truth or a lie. I have been pointing it out often to make people understand that if the citizens of this planet are forced to lie or are lied to by the martial laws , it must have sooner or later lawfully destructive impact on the whole planet. We do not have to materialize the Revelations, no one forces us to do so, yet we do, unbelievly, and by hiding it under the lies, not only we can do nothing to change it but we are directly attracting upon us that universal force of destruction and so fulfilling the actual prophecies,

Have you noticed how everyone now is talking about the
war? Everyone has his own plan, his own theory. Everyone finds that nothing is being
done in the way it ought to be done. Actually everything is being done in the only way
it can be done. If one thing could be different everything could be different. And then perhaps there would have been no war.
“Try to understand what I am saying: everything is dependent on everything else,
everything is connected, nothing is separate. Therefore everything is going in the only
way it can go. If people were different everything would be different. They are what
they are, so everything is as it is.”
This was very difficult to swallow.
“Is there nothing, absolutely nothing, that can be done?” I asked.
“Absolutely nothing.”
“And can nobody do anything?”
“That is another question. In order to do it is necessary to be. And it is necessary
first to understand what to be means. If we continue our talks you will see that we use
a special language and that, in order to talk with us, it is necessary to learn this
language. It is not worth while talking in ordinary language because, in that language,
it is impossible to understand one another. This also, at the moment, seems strange to
you. But it is true. In order to understand it is necessary to learn another language. In
the language which people speak, they cannot understand one another. You will see
later on why this is so.
Then one must learn to speak the truth. This also appears strange to you. You do
not realize that one has to learn to speak the truth. It seems to you that it is enough to
wish or to decide to do so. And I tell you that people comparatively rarely tell a
deliberate lie. In most cases, they think they speak the truth. And yet they lie all the
time, both when they wish to lie and when they wish to speak the truth. They lie all the
time, both to themselves and to others. Therefore nobody ever understands either
himself or anyone else. Think—could there be such discord, such deep
misunderstanding, and such hatred towards the views and opinions of others, if people
were able to understand one another? But they cannot understand because they cannot
help lying. To speak the truth is the most difficult thing in the world, and one must
study a great deal and for a long time in order to be able to speak the truth. The wish
alone is not enough. To speak the truth one must know what the truth is and what a lie
is, and first of all in oneself. And this nobody wants to know.”

P.D. Ouspensky ISOM p.28/29

The Aum vibration that reverberates throughout the Universe (the “Word” or voice of many waters of the Bible) has 3 manifestations or gunas, those of creation, preservation, and destruction (Taittiriya Upanishad I:8). Each time a man utters a word, he puts into operation one of the three qualities of Aum. This is the lawful reason behind the injunction of all scriptures that man should speak the truth.
Autobiography of a Yogi, SRF note p.22

Postoj Bible k reinkarnaci

Nechci se zaplést do všech větví křesťanství, protože všechny pocházejí z jednoho zdroje a vyznávají jednoho BOHA a Ježíše Krista.

Ale učením esoteriky mně při čtení BIBLE některé pasáže nedávaly smysl a tak jsem šla pátrat do řeckého originálu a objevila jsem dost věcí, které by měly být prozkoumány přemýšlením 21.století
Vybrala jsem jednu část, která podporuje teorii reinkarnace ještě z dob Origena. Špatným překladem Bible se ztratil význam:
Matouš 16: 28
naše Bible
Amen pravím vám Jsou někteří z stojících tuto, kteříž neskusí smrti, aniž uzří syna člověka, přicházejícího v království svém. ????????????????????????????

Řecká verze
Am en lego humin eisin tines ton
hode hest ekot on hoitines ou me geus ontai
thanaton heos an idosin ton huion ton anthropon
erchomenon ente basileia autou

Anglický překlad
amen I am saying to you are any of the ones here standing who any
not no should be tasting of death till ever they may be perceiving
the son of the human coming in the kingdom of HIM

Český překlad

Amen já vám říkám, ze všech co tu stojí ne že žádný nezakusí smrti, dokud
si bude představovati, že syn člověka přichází do Jeho království.
———————————————————————————————————-
Marek 9:1
kai elegen autois amen elego humin hoti eisin tines ton hode
hest ekoton hoitines on mr geus ontai thanatou heis an idosin
ten basileia tou Theo el Eluthuian

and he said to them amen I am saying to you that are any of the ones here standing who any
not no should be tasting of death till ever they may be perceiving the kingdom of God
having come in.

A pravil jim Amen pravím vám žeť že žádný z těch kdo zde stojí ne že
neokusí smrti dokud si budou představovat že mohou přijít do království Božího
———————————————————————–
Moderním jazykem a vědou 21 století-

syn člověka s fyzickým tělem z prachu se nemůže dostat do království Božího.
Musí si vypěstovat tělo spirituální vyšších vibrací a dokud si ho nevypěstuje, zakouší procesy zrození a smrti. 1 Corinthians 15:44-47 On line Greek Interlinear Bible

A ještě jeden postřeh
řečtina má dva zcela odlišné termíny
basileia Ouranon které naši překladatelé překládají jako království nebeské
a basileia tou Theo které překládají jako království Boží
Významem se skoro nerozlišují, v řečtině jsou ale zcela odlišné, ouranon se vztahuje ke světu světskému, tou Theo ke světu Božímu.
Ježíšova kázání jsou vždy dvojího druhu, první k ouranonu, jak máme žít mezi sebou, aby byl život na zemi šťastný, a pak k tou THEO pro ty, kteří se již chtějí vrátit zpět DOMŮ.


The society that exterminates the elderly who gave her life is the biggest degradation of humanity. Cannibalism will be the last dot.

Take the BIBLE and start to read it while there is still time.
The superpowers have become totally detached from the objective laws of the Universe, they are lying to humanity, and lying always connects with the destructive vibration of the 3 manifestations of the Aum. The lawful reason why man should speak the truth. (Autobiography of a Yogi)
What outcome can we expect from such governance on a planetary scale? Exactly the Revelations.

Dear esoteric societies

Could you notice what is happening on this planet? Could you notice what is in the inoculations, forced on people of the entire planet? We are talking about changing the genetic codes of humanity!
The Most Most HOLY SUN ABSOLUTE certainly does not agree with this.
How can you look at this and do nothing? The esoteric knowledge was stolen, misused against humanity, made secret, people turned into sheep and we are all waiting for what?

Nato military budgets

https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_180185.htm

Flags of NATO's 30 Members


https://www.bbc.com/news/world-44717074

What about the cost of running Nato?

Nato’s annual budget and programmes come to about €2.5bn (£2.1bn; $3bn) overall, and there’s an agreed cost sharing formula to pay for the running of things such as:

  • civilian staff and administrative costs of Nato headquarters
  • joint operations, strategic commands, radar and early warning systems, training and liaison
  • defence communications systems, airfields, harbours and fuel supplies

The cost sharing is based on national income.

Bar chart of biggest contributors to Nato running costs

—————————————————————————————————————————–

The Universe is created according to the Ray of Creation. Could the military take notice of it before they ruin the entire planet?
Just enough they are not able to stop the very devastation of their own bodies by the forced experimental inoculations of all kinds. I understand that the books do not represent the required means to govern humanity but at least some level of the most basic information should be allocated to them in the 21st century. The esoteric science which they stole says that the planet Earth is the only place in the world where the wars take place due to the insanity of humans, who are not able to recognize the objective laws of the Universe, upon which the basic structure operates.
So the time has come to look at it.

A basic formula:

Give back to humanity its CREATOR which you took away almost 200 years ago.
Respect the most fundamental law of the esoteric science: what you discover, pass it down to others so that all humanity can progress to a higher standard. So far the knowledge is getting increasingly protected by “elite” clubs and the rest of humanity is run by the lowest denominator as is clearly visible in my case.

Stop the climate change overnight by giving the weather back to Nature. Yes, it will get half a degree warmer, nothing major as the history of the real climate change suggests. Nature is adjustable, it is her profession. Besides, the overheat is mainly originating from the exploitation of the ionosphere by your directed energy weapons for whatever reasons.

Stop raping our MOTHER NATURE with your directed energy weapons; you made out of her a pokemon target in the same way as millions of other human beings

Do not mutilate but communicate with DNAs and RNAs

Govern this planet according to the objective laws of the Universe, not according to your greed and obsession with megalomaniac power over others. The Universe is built on reciprocal maintenance and the effects always have to come back to their origins.
On all scales. What you have been performing over the years is an utter disgrace and willful force to turn humanity away from its CREATOR towards the most idiotic artificial intelligence of the entire Universe. Far more stupid than your ape story. A simple food diagram from the esoteric science would help you realize that but once this science gets into the hands of those who are after the red pills, not after the being that precedes it, we end up where we are.
Then revelations are never static, they can be converted into their opposites if knowledge and wisdom took their place.
But that is obviously lacking on this planet with all your superior artificial intelligence leadership.

So we have become ants, waiting for jabs or locked up trains. Congratulations you sparks of the MOST MOST HOLY SUN ABSOLUTE

My first accounter with the subject of directed energy weapons back in Sydney

I have a deep trust in the goodness of man so I truly believe that in the real top militaries of China, Russia, and the US there are knowledgeable and responsible human beings, who understand the seriousness of the present situation. But they somehow fail to do anything sensible about it and the level of misinformation is so overwhelming that they have lost almost all credibility. The following article was so shocking for me when I read it for the first time, that I had to go and ask my friend “is all this for real???? Is it possible to rape or torture a person at the distance???? She said no. My journey had just started.

What Chemtrails Really Are
By Carolyn Williams Palit
“The United States does not torture.” –President George W. Bush

We are dealing with Star Wars. It involves the combination of chemtrails for creating an atmosphere that will support electromagnetic waves, ground-based, electromagnetic field oscillators called gyrotrons, and ionospheric heaters. Particulates make directed energy weapons work better. It has to do with “steady state” and particle density for plasma beam propagation.

They spray barium powders and let it photo-ionize from the ultraviolet light of the sun. Then, they make an aluminum-plasma generated by “zapping” the metal cations that are in the spray with either electromagnetics from HAARP, the gyrotron system on the ground [Ground Wave Emergency Network], or space-based lasers. The barium makes the aluminum-plasma more particulate dense. This means they can make a denser plasma than they normally could from just ionizing the atmosphere or the air.

More density [more particles] means that these particles which are colliding into each other will become more charged because there are more of them present to collide. What are they ultimately trying to do up there — is create charged-particle, plasma beam weapons.

Chemtrails are the medium – GWEN pulse radars, the various HAARPs, and space-based lasers are the method, or more simply:

Chemtrails are the medium — directed energy is the method.

Spray and Zap.

This system appears to be in Russia, Canada, the United States, and all of Europe. Exotic weapons can be mobile, stationary, land-based, aerial, or satellite.

It is an offensive and defensive system against EM attacks and missiles. It uses ionospheric particle shells as defense mechanisms [like a bug-zapper shell]* against missiles and EM attacks. That means they spray and then pump up the spray with electromagnetics. When these shells are created using the oscillating, electromagnetic, gyrotron stations, it “excludes” and displaces the background magnetic field. These shells can be layered one above another in a canopy fashion for extra protection from missiles. The chemtrail sprays have various elements in them like carbon which can used to absorb microwaves. Some of these sprays have metal flakes in them that make aerial craft invisible to radar. Spoofer sprays. Sprays like these can be used to create colorful, magnetized plasmas to cloak fighter jets.

There are satellite weapons involved. Activists are using meters and are getting readings of microwaves, x-rays, and some other kind of emission that they are not sure of, maybe a low-intensity laser.

They are also photographing gas plasma generation due to the heating of chemtrails by electromagnetics. The technical names for vertical and horizontal plasma columns are columnar focal lenses and horizontal drift plasma antennas. Various sizes of gas plasma orbs are associated with this technology. These orbs can be used as transmitters and receivers because they have great, refractory, and optical properties. They also are capable of transmitting digital or analog sound. Barium, in fact, is very refractive — more refractive than glass.

What does that mean? Someone or someones are very involved in unconstitutional, domestic spying and the entrained plasma orbs carried on electromagnetic beams can be used for mind control programming. The satellites can be programmed to track and monitor various frequencies on different parts of your body. These electromagnetic beams carrying the gas plasma orbs stick due to magnetic polarity and frequency mapping and tracking to people’s eyes, ears, temples, and private parts. A beam with entrained orbs carries pictures in each orb just like the different frames in a movie. It is a particle beam that is also a frequency weapon.

The satellites download holographic mind control movies, pictures, sounds, and sensations to people through this technology. The Air Force has stated in “Air Force 2025” that their goal is to develop virtual and augmented reality mind control. Depending on how the computer is programmed or depending on the mood or intent of the person interfacing with the technology, you can be probed, bothered, gaslighted, frightened, manipulated, electronically raped, or tortured. It scans your brain frequencies and deciphers your thoughts. The satellites track you by mapping your bioenergetic signature [body biometrics] and constantly scanning an area to find you.

We are the lab rats for this technology and something is very wrong in the military or intelligence branches somewhere. Because developmental projects in government and military are often so compartmentalized, I suppose someone could be using and developing this technology secretly and without authorization. Then again, behavioral and mind control programs were an authorized policy under MKULTRA. Our country has a history of experimenting on its citizens. We are talking about satellite-charged-particle frequency weapons attacking a person 24 hours a day. Psychotronic weapons are considered weapons of mass destruction by the U.N.

“HAARPs” can create earthquakes and can also x-ray the earth to find underground military bases, gold, or oil reserves. These ionospheric heaters can also operate as an over-the-horizon or under-the-ocean communications system. This system can control the weather or create disasters. Taken together with the aurora keyhole through-your-roof satellite surveillance system, Echelon electronic computer/phone sweeps, plasma-cloaked DOD Drug War helicopters and stealths, implants, and cameras on the street, it constitutes one, big global and space control grid.

These weapons involve beams. Two beams overlapped will couple into a particle-ion beam that will bounce off of a remote target and send a holographic image back to the satellite for remote spying operations. When you cross two strong beams, you can supposedly* create scalar energies. These energies can be used as untraceable weapons for nuclear size explosions or for defense. These crossed-energies can be used to cause a person’s physical electrical system to fail or with a lower frequency, administer a kind of remote electro-shock. Visualize touching a positive and negative electric cable to each other on top of your head. Scalar energies can be utilized in hand-held military guns and on tanks. They can dud-out electronics or cause large, electrical blackouts. Scalar energies are practically impossible to shield against. You need lead, ceramics, and a deep underground facility to not be affected by these weapons. Or, you need to be up and above the field of battle.

People who are working on these issues hear tones and hums. If you hear persistent tones and static; have body vibrations, burning sensations, “bangs” to the head, neurological damage, or immune system damage; are hearing electronic voices or hearing the sound of a plasma; suffering from pains deep in your organs or constant headaches, or experiencing other anomalous activity then you may be being targeted by directed energy, mind control weapons. These weapons could be on helicopters, jets, stealth fighters, or satellites. Directed energy beams and electromagnetic waves can be sent to you via hand-held devices or piggy-backed in on cell phones and satellite towers.

Is it possible that someone(s) are very afraid of coming famines and riots due to the ongoing, man-induced failure of the ecological system, and they are saturating the earth with chemtrails for large-scale, gas plasma mind control? Is this the last grasp for the world’s resources? Or, are they just controlling freaks and money mongers? Someone would like to get to that oil under the melting [due to chemtrail-trapped EM heat] Artic. And, I guess the Third World is not a part of this system. I don’t think that the developed nations are going to let them in on this either.

Any country that joins this NATO system will become mind-controlled and diseased due to the associated, intense, oscillating, electromagnetic fields, electromagnetic soup, and the poisonous, toxic chemtrails. Our DNA will break. We risk the earth’s spin and tilt becoming messed up due to mucking around with the magnetic fields through this military technology. Maybe, it is already messed up.

It constitutes U.S. global domination via NATO and the erosion of civil rights. According to Charlotte Iserbyt and Al Martin, there are ex-KGB and ex-STASI advising our new Office of Total Information Awareness. They are the ones creating our new internal passports [national ID]. . Who exactly is flying those plasma-cloaked crafts that are seen all over this country and mistaken for UFOs by people who do not know about this aerial deception technology? Obviously, we have another “Project Paperclip” in the making.

The elitist corporate government is going to hold the rest of us hostage with directed energy weapons in space, if the Policy for a New American Century group – PNAC – along with directed energy attacks against any country or citizen that they decide they do not like. These weapons can create climate war, weather war, mind war, cyberwar, disease war, disaster war, and undetectable war. Taken together they can create economic war.

If this system is not stopped, it will kill billions due to aluminum and barium poisoning. It will kill billions due to crop failures and worldwide famine. It will cause heart attacks, strokes, and cancers. It will cause stillbirths, miscarriages, and infertility. The chemtrail sprays often have fungi, bacteria, viruses, desiccated red blood cells, crystalline substances, carbon, metal cations, lithium, other chemicals, heavy metals, and God knows what – probably smart dust, or nanocrap. Years of biowarfare testing on the American public is no big secret anymore. Spraying germs in the sky where they mutate due to the ultra-violet light — brilliant plan, my man. Are we acceptable losses or is this by design?

I know that many of the major players have big investments in pharmaceutical companies, GM seeds [seeds that can grow in an electromagnetic soup], weapons and directed energy development contracts, oil contracts, genetic research, and mind control research. Some of these people have had a familial history of financial and policy support for population control, eugenics, Hitler, Mao, Stalin, Pinochet, Hussein, and various other dictators. Some of the major players were the masterminds of the death squads in Central and South America. They stand to make a big profit on our death and disease. Just take a look at Rumsfield and Tamiflu.

I assume that they know the dangers of this system and that they take care to stay in their shielded, air-filtered offices, homes, basements, and cars. I assume they take chelating substances to remove the barium and aluminum from their bodies and minds. If not, then they really do not understand the far-ranging implications of this destructive system. Congress may not understand just what a terrible weapons system and control grid they are funding.

As I understand it, Tesla towers attached to deep-earth, free-energy taps are to be created over the 10-12 magnetic poles and the GWEN system phased out. Has this already been done? This should allow total control of the earth through giant, Tesla death ray guns. This natural, electromagnetic earth was not meant to be an unnatural dynamo to power man’s weapons or his utility companies.

Over-unity systems [Tesla devices]* are as of yet, another unexplored and probably not understood man-made energy. We should be very suspicious of free energy. As we can see, the forms of man-made energy that have been created and used in the past have not been good for this planet. Maybe it is time to reconsider the options available to us through the development of wind, solar, and water power. We need worldwide, different, more holistic, renewable, energy programs.

Is there any good news? Yes. There has been tons of particulate dumping through the spray operations for 8 years over the Americas, Europe, Scandinavia, Eastern Europe, and from what I can find out, over Russia. And, what goes around blows around, right? So, these substances are probably actually global. It sure makes a ton of sense to spray poisonous elements in 24 NATO countries and let the substances be carried around the earth on the jet streams to poison yourself, your enemies, and all neutral and non-combatant countries. Talk about making more enemies.

The water, air, and soil of all of these countries is so saturated with metal cations that these weapons freaks should be able to zap and mind f–k each other quite well now and as often as they wish. Once they have clobbered each other with light-saber beams for a few years and razed and scorched sections of the earth, they may start to realize that this foreign policy will lead to a defective human race and a rotten economy.

Do you think they will have knocked some sense into each other by then and will decide that non-proliferation and arms reduction is the more civilized and mature direction to take in world affairs? I doubt it, cause only idiots would have developed horrific, planet-killer weapons like these. But, I’ll bet the rest of the planet will finally rise up and tell these juvenile delinquents to quit playing with those rayguns right this second.

After further thought on Bearden + — a big over-unity and free energy proponent of Tesla technology that makes energy off of boiling the ionosphere or stealing electricity from the misnamed “vacuum” called Life, I have decided that Bearden is telling us some, if not most, of the truth. Same for Eastlund.


https://www.researchgate.net/publication/261643471_Gyrotron_Technology
G.I.G BT the chapter on Man’s extraction of Electricity from Nature and its destruction during its use.

To the 26th UN Climate Change Conference

There is an ancient knowledge that points out that presence is the result of yesterday and the future is the result of today. In other words, what you do today will be tomorrow. 27th Summit of carbon indulgences.
By reading the private sector of the world’s industries, I was actually impressed how professionally they take the message and incorporate carbon reduction as a priority to which they subdue their business planning in very innovative ways. So they do not seem to be the biggest problem.
The climate change issue or rather weather change issue has its roots in much deeper levels of human existence and its awareness of the purpose of its existence. From the middle of the 19th century when our science came to a conclusion that there is no hierarchy in the Universe, we have undertaken the path of arrogant, egoistic approach to life, where the planet is here for the exploitation in every possible way and matter over the spirit has prevailed to this very day, at least officially.
The esoteric sources, available publicly since the beginning of the twentieth century tell us that the number of the population is directly connected with the way humans live. As the only animal species with the intellectual center, we have the capacity to influence the processes of Nature and communicate with her in positive or negative ways. So far we do it in negative ways and the climate changes are the outcomes. So to reduce carbon dioxide emissions is not going to change anything. Humanity needs to be intelligently explained, that we have a specific objective duty, for which we were originally created, to transform certain cosmic energies, coming to our planet for specific purposes of the universal character. That transformation can be achieved by the quantitative ways or qualitative ways. The qualitative ways bring harmony to the planet and all its species and the quantitative ways cause disharmony. The instructions on how to live in harmony with Nature and ourselves were given to us via world religions. Our science labeled religion as the opium of humanity so we entered the quantitative way. Therefore the Nature had to adjust the conditions by a steep increase of the number of the population. And as we do not have any hierarchy leading to the Higher, the materialistic way of living brought ever-increasing exploitation of natural resources and with such a high number of people on the planet it must have necessarily led to the point where the Earth could “puff and blow”.
The issue is directly connected with the over-usage and over-extraction of electricity from Nature, either directly from the atmosphere or indirectly by energy mining from the earth. Electricity is a sacred substance, participating in the birth, maintenance of life and death processes of everything living on the planet and it is allocated to us in precise limited proportions, that have to be constantly maintained. And over-extraction of electricity shortens the life of man.
We were also told that the way we use electricity is barbaric because we destruct it by utilizing only two parts of it. Perpetuum mobile is waiting for our scientists to be uncovered or rediscovered.

So the climate changes can be resolved only by applying higher knowledge, by reducing the use of electricity and by learning the objective ways how to live in harmony with the planet and with ourselves in not so materialistic way of Dark Ages. The current dominantly technocratic path is hardly sustainable.
The planet has entered into a new stage of its existence, where it needs the higher vibrations from humanity and we do not supply them because no one teaches us the higher aims of existence. Self-knowledge cannot be imposed on people, but the “knowledge of the external world” that precedes it is certainly the birthright of all people on our planet. So far is kept officially clandestine.

So to deal with the core of the weather changes all superpower leaders have to put aside their subjectivities and invite the spirit of a nun dr. Rosalie Bertell to mutual negotiations.

To be remembered: As Above, so below.

In the name of the Father and of the Son and in the name of the Holy Ghost.
Amen.

?

https://www.naturalnews.com/2021-11-01-fascism-fda-committee-members-financial-ties-pfizer.html
By his act, Judas was giving time to Jesus Christ to conduct the magical ceremony of the Last Supper.
Ironically I am used to giving time to XY to mark the new generation with the sign of the beast instead of re-establishing the Ray of Creation back to this planet. That is evil, criminal, and in this case sin against the Holy Spirit.

A face

When I met the 4th Way school I had no doubts about the knowledge presented to me. The most important part was the realization that I was asleep all day with few exceptions and so the painstaking process of facing oneself in the most awkward situations and dealing with them became the primary object of the studies for many years and the information like “our sun does not heat nor gives light” woke up my curiosity, but no one seemed to ponder over it so I just kept it in my memory. Only in the last few years, I realized what such a quote really meant, but when I looked a few days ago at the anatomy of a human eye with its Macula Lutea and remembered, that all cosmoses of the entire Universe are created by the same forces and the laws as one within another and so the microcosm must resemble the macrocosm and vice versa, I looked at the anatomy of a human head and its Medula Oblongata and realized, what else it actually most likely means if we apply it to our planetary system. The Earth might also have its own face when even a branch of a tree has it or an iris, of which my Sogetsu teacher made me aware long ago.
So after all the etymology of the Latin word Conspirare might mean just that, con-together, spirare -to breath ….with conspiracy.



Medula oblongata

Sagittal Section Of The Human Brain, Showing Structures Of The Cerebellum, Brainstem, And Cerebral Ventricles. (Photo By Encyclopaedia Britannica/UIG Via Getty Images)


An amazingly beautiful realization of the geniously simple pattern of the Whole Creation took place.